References to Wicca during the 1980s &1990s.
From books on Wicca, and the media
From books on Wicca and Witchcraft:
||Anthony Kemp, "Witchcraft and Paganism Today", Michael O'Mara Books
(1993), P. 6:
"It is essential to bear in mind that neither Paganism nor Witchcraft has
anything in common with Satanism or devil-worship. Pagans do not accept the
existence of the devil, regarding him as a Christian aberration,
and thus cannot worship him.
[Note: Satanists do not accept the existence of the Christian
devil either; they do not worship Satan as a living entity.]
||Starhawk, "Truth of Date", Harper and Row (1987), P. 7:
"Witchcraft is.....the old, pre-Christian tribal religion of Europe. Like
other earth-based, tribal traditions, Witchcraft sees the earth as sacred....
in reality our tradition has nothing to do with Satanism, a peculiarly
[Note: Starhawk appears to believe that Satanism is an inverted
form of Christianity, and that both Satanists and Christians recognize the
existence of the devil. This is not accurate.]
Starhawk, "Spiral Dance", Harper and Row (1989), P. 6:
"Nobody registers Witches or keeps official statistics of Pagans, but some
indication of this growth can be seen in the extended bibliography of books
on the Goddess published since 1979... The Spiral dance has sold over
100,000 copies.... "
||Scott Cunningham, "Earth, Air, fire & Water", Llewellyn (1992),
"Wicca: A contemporary polytheistic religion with spiritual roots in the
earliest expressions of reverence for nature as a manifestation of the
divine. In other words, Wicca is a modern religion built around reverence for
a Goddess and a God, which created all that exists, including the Earth.
Wicca also embraces the practice of Magic as a tool of personal and global
transformation, and usually teaches the doctrine of reincarnation. Many
Wiccans identify with the word 'Witch'."
"Witch: Anciently, a European practitioner of the remnants of
pre-Christian Natural Magic. One who practiced Witchcraft. This term's
meaning was later deliberately altered to denote demented, dangerous
supernatural beings who practiced destructive magic and who threatened
Christianity......Though this negative meaning is still currently accepted
by many non-Witches, it doesn't describe witches themselves, who simply
practice non-threatening, loving, Natural Magic. The term Witch is also used
by some members of Wicca to describe themselves."
||Robin Skelton, "The Practice of Witchcraft", Porcepic Books (1990),
"Do witches worship the Devil? The answer is 'No'. First, the Devil is a
figure in Christian doctrine, and Wicca predates Christianity. Moreover, the
figure of Satan, or the Devil, was almost entirely ignored by the Church
until the 6th Century AD when it became politically wise to identify the
horned consort of the Goddess as equivalent to the adversarial figure who is
featured in Genesis and the Book of Job..."
Margot Adler, "Drawing Down the Moon", Beacon Press (1979), P. 10 &
"Dictionaries define Witches as (primarily) women who are either seductive
and charming (bewitching) or ugly and evil (wicked). In either case, the
women are supposed to possess a variety of "supernatural" powers. The
lexicographic definitions of witch are rather confusing and bear little
relation to the definitions given by Witches themselves....Other estimates
[of Neo-Pagans in the United States] have gone as high as 100,000.....There
are at least one hundred Pagan periodicals."
||Arnold & Patricia Crowther, "The Secrets of Ancient Witchcraft",
Citadel Press (1974), P. 137:
"[Witchcraft] is the original prehistoric religion of Western Europe."
||Vivianne Crowley, "Wicca: The Old Religion in the New Age", Aquarian
Press (1989), P. 51:
"The word 'witch' is a difficult one, full of negative connotations....it is
a word which might be tempting to discard. I think this would however be a
mistake and an affront to those of our ancestors who died for their beliefs."
||Dr. Leo Louis Martello, "Witchcraft, The Old Religion", Citadel
Press (Undated; probably 1973), P. 12 & P. 26:
"Any book that states that Witches make pacts with the devils, have sex
orgies or say the Lord's Prayer backwards is either blatantly deceptive or
totally ignorant of the truth."
"For centuries, Witchcraft has been the garbage heap upon which all the
moral refuse of other people has been dumped. The Old Religion has been
vilified, perjured about, twisted, persecuted and prosecuted, not because of
what it was (and is) but because of what the Church said it was."
||Marcello Truzzi, "The Occult Revival", quoted by A. Lehmann & J.
Myers in "Magic, Witchcraft and Religion", Mayfield Publishing Co.
(1989), P. 408:
"Satanism is basically a worship of the Judaeo-Christian Devil....
Practitioners in witchcraft do not usually view themselves as an heretical
offshoot of Christianity....Most witches perceive witchcraft as an ancient,
pre-Christian fertility religion that the Christian churches sought to
suppress; primarily through the Catholic inquisitions and the Protestant
witch trials.... Most of the presently vast literature on Satanism is quite
unreliable." [This expresses the common but inaccurate
belief that Satanists worship the Christian devil.]
Silver RavenWolf, "Ride a Silver Broomstick" Lewellyn (1993), P. 13:
"Satanic Witch: One cannot be a satanic Witch because Witches do not
believe in Satan." [Note: Neither do Satanists.]
From the media:
||Anon, "Witches in the U.S. Military Forces," Daily Oklahoman, (1987-NOV-27),
P. 19 quoted by Nelson Price in "New Age, The Occult and Lion Country", Power Books (1989), P. 98:
"According to Sergeant L A Johnson, founder of the Farwander Military Pagan
Fellowship, these neopagans encompass such groups as the Wiccans, the Druids,
the goddess worshipers, people who worship the Nordic-Celtic pantheons, the
ancient Egyptian pantheons, and various native American beliefs. They
parallel New Age philosophy in their belief in multiple deities as well as
the oneness of all nature."
||Rev. Paul Newman, Division of World Outreach, United Church of Canada,
"Male Witch Fights to Overturn Ruling Denying Access to Son" quoted
in Toronto Star (1992-NOV-16):
"I wish to testify that the Wiccan religion is an authentic, respectable
religion that works for the health and well-being of its followers. It is
not to be confused with Satanism which is a destructive, evil movement."
[Note: This is apparently a misunderstanding of the nature of Satanism.]
||Canadian Press "Judge Gives Witch Right to See Son" Kingston Whig
Standard (Kingston ON, Canada) (1992-NOV-17) P. 2:
"Mr. [George] Gay admits he has been involved in Wicca, a religion involving
worship of nature and pagan deities, for a year, but said there is no such
thing as black magic witchcraft... Wicca is an ancient name for
witchcraft.....Mr. Gay said the court decision shows misconceptions about
the Wicca religion can be overcome. Mr. Gay said there is widespread
ignorance of Wicca. 'There's no hocus-pocus involved. Wicca is about a bunch of caring people
trying to make life more bearable.'"
||Canadian Press, "Woman Keeps Son from Father who she Maintains is a
The Recorder and Times (Brockville ON, Canada) 1992-NOV-16, P. A8:
"A Calgary man is going to court today to seek access to a son he has never
seen, access the infant's mother has refused because he is a witch.....
Describing it as the ancient native spirituality of Europe [Paul W] Newmann
says Wiccans were persecuted and forced underground during the 16th and 17th
centuries. As part of the neo-pagan movement, Wicca is enjoying renewed
||"Jen Silverhorse, whose family has practiced Wicca for generations, says the
nature-based religion generally uses candles, salt, incense and some type of
cup to hold water in its rituals. There is no place for animal sacrifices or
sexual excesses. 'Wicca does not believe in a form of true evil. Satanism is
a rebellion against Christianity.'......Wicca is as separte (sic) as Baha'i
or Islam,' says Silverhorse, a Wiccan teacher who introduced [George] Gay
to the craft.
Mia Stainsby (Vancouver Sun), "The Truth about Witches", The Kingston
Whig Standard (Kingston ON, Canada) 1994-FEB-2, P. 2
" is a nature religion, in which the deity, both god and goddess,
is in all of nature and accessible to all, no intermediaries needed..... have the legal department at City Hall do some research into Wicca.
The conclusion was that Wiccans were perfectly benign."
||"Dispelling witch myths: Wiccans don't perform sacrifices of any living
thing. Wicca is sometimes confused with satanism. Wiccans do not believe in
Satan or ascribe to the Christian mythos. Wiccans don't perform black masses;
it's not their intent to belittle Christian ritual." [Note: more of the
Latest update: 2004-SEP-05
Formatting changed: 2009-DEC-28