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Religious Tolerance logo


Pew Research Center Poll
results on Same-sex marriage

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The Pew Research Center has conducted yearly polls on support and opposition to marriage by same-sex couples in the U.S. since 2004. The most recent poll was conducted on 2019-MAR-10 to 25. 1

Results are:

  • Overall opposition has dropped from 60% in 2004 to about half that value (31%) in 2019. This is a drop averaging about 1.9 percentage points a year.

  • Support has increased from 31% to 61% over the same interval. This averages an increase of 2.0 percentage points each year.

  • Among Democrats and Democratic-leaning Independents , support grew from 43% in 2004 to 75% in 2019. Among Republicans and Republican-leaning Independents support rose from 19% to 44%.

There are major differences in support among demographic groups. In their 2019 poll:

  • Support by generation was : Millennialls (aged 23 to 38 in 2019) 74%; Gen Xers (aged 39-54) 58%; Boomers (aged 55-73) 51%; Silent Generation (aged 74 to 91); 45%. (Some groups other than Pew Research use slightly different ages to define these four groups).
  • Support total 79% among the religiously unaffiliated. They are called "Nones" by the media. We prefer the term "NOTAs" for "Not Affiliated," because "Nones" sounds like "Nuns."

  • In spite of official opposition to marriage equality by the Roman Catholic church, 61% of church members favor marriage equality.

Support among all religious groups has grown between 2004 and 2019:

  • White evangelical Protestants from 11% to 29%;
  • White mainline Protestants from 34% to 66%;
  • Roman Catholics from 35% to 61%;
  • Religiously Unaffiliated from 61% to 79%
  • Black Protestants from 19% to 44% (in 2017; no data is available for 2019).

Support among those who say they attend at least one religious service a week is about 40%; those who attend once or tiwce a month is 66%; those who say they seldome or never attend services is about 75%. 2

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Webmaster's comment:

Many conflicts in the past of the United States have shown a similar pattern of resolution, including human slavery, whether profoundly deaf couples should be allowed to marry, whether women should be allowed to vote. interracial marriages, same-sex marriages, and now treatment of transexual individuals.


References used:

The following information sources were used to prepare and update the above essay. The hyperlinks are not necessarily still active today.

  1. "Majority of Public Favors Same-Sex Marriage, but Divisions Persist," Pew Research Center, 2019-MAY-14, at:
  2. "Attitudes on Same-Sex Marriage," Pew Research Center, 2019-MAY-14, at:

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Copyright © 2019 by Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance
Original posting: 2019-
Latest update: 2019-
Author: B.A. Robinson
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