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Jesus, the Holy Gost and John 16
Who is/was the "advocate"
mentioned in John 16:5-11?
Mention of the "Advocate" in John 16:
In the biblical passage at John 16:5-14, Yeshua ben Nazareth (a.k.a. Jesus) was telling his disciples just before his arrest and crucifixion by the Roman army about his imminent
"... leaving [of] the world and going back to the Father."
The New International Version of the Bible translates this passage from the original Greek as:
5 "... but now I am going to him who sent me. None of you asks me, ‘Where are you going?’
6 Rather, you are filled with grief because I have said these things.
7 But very truly I tell you, it is for your good that I am going away. Unless I go away, the Advocate will not come to you; but if I go, I will send him to you.
8 When he comes, he will prove the world to be in the wrong about sin and righteousness and judgment:
9 about sin, because people do not believe in me;
10 about righteousness, because I am going to the Father, where you can see me no longer;
11 and about judgment, because the prince of this world now stands condemned.
12 I have much more to say to you, more than you can now bear.
13 But when he, the Spirit of truth, comes, he will guide you into all the truth. He will not speak on his own; he will speak only what he hears, and he will tell you what is yet to come.
14 He will glorify me because it is from me that he will receive what he will make known to you." 1
The Greek word in John 16:7 translated here as "Advocate" is "Periclytos." The main usage of the term in Greek writings refer to legal advocates and lobbyists.
It also appears in the Christian Scriptures (New Testament) at: John 14:15-17, John 14:26, John 15:26, etc.
The BibleQ web site states:
"There is a very wide range of translations in English Bibles: Comforter (Wycliffe, Tyndale, KJV, ASV), Helper (ESV, NASB, NJKV), Advocate (NAB, NEB), Counselor (NIV), Paraclete (Douay-Rheims Version)." 2
"The Advocate" is obviously a very important person, because Jesus felt compelled to return to Heaven in order that the Advocate could arrive. But who is/was the advocate?
The 21st Century King James Version of the Bible refers to the "Spirit of Truth" in Verse 13 with a capital "T." However, other translations like the New International Version, King James Version, New King James Version, English Standard Version, etc. spell truth with a small 't."
Who Muslims believe the Advocate/Comforter is:
Most believe that he is Muhammad (570 - 632 CE), the prophet of Islam, and God's messenger. The religion of Islam is based on the contents of the Qur'an. Most Muslims believe that the Qur'an was dictated by the archangel Gabriel to Muhammad starting in the year 610 CE.
The Qur'an states in Sura (chapter) 7:157:
"... to those that shall follow the apostle - the unlettered prophet, whom they shall find described in the Torah and the Gospel ...
In 61:6 it states:
"And of Jesus the son of Mary, who said to the Israelites: 'I am sent forth to you from God to confirm the Torah already revealed, and to give news of an apostle that will come after me whose name is Ahmad'. ..."
Muhammad was also known as "Ahmad," which leads to the conclusion that the person referred to in the Christian Scriptures was Muhammad who was born about five and a half centuries after Jesus' execution. 5,6
Who Christians believe the Advocate/Comforter is:
The vast majority believe that he is the Holy Spirit -- the third person in the Trinity. They believe that the Holy Spirit was present in Jesus at the time that he stated the above passage, just before his crucifixion. But Jesus had to return to Heaven before the Holy Spirit could dwell within Christians on Earth -- people who trusted Jesus as Lord and Savior. 3,4
A Google search for:
the comforter holy spirit
returned about 4.6 million results. At least the first few dozen identify the "Comforter" as the Holy Spirit.
The Wallington Gospel Hall website states that: "Several proofs, as follows, have been given that establish that the Comforter cannot be Muhammad:
- The use of various Bible verses.
- The context of the Bible verses.
- The comparison of Jesus Christ with Muhammad.
- Jesus Christ’s prediction of the Comforter coming to the disciples being fulfilled at Pentecost." 7
The following information sources were used to prepare and update the above
essay. The hyperlinks are not necessarily still active today.
- "John 16 New International Version (NIV)," Bible Gateway, at: https://www.biblegateway.com/
- "Steven," "Who or what is the Advocate or Comforter?," BibleQ, 2009-OCT-30, at: http://bibleq.net/
- "Who is the comforter?" Christianity.stackexchange, 2016-SEP, at: https://christianity.stackexchange.com/
- E. Y. Mullins, "Comforter," Bible Study Tools, at: https://www.biblestudytools.com/
- Silas, "Who is the 'Comforter'," Answering Islam, at:
- The Hadith collection of “Sahih Muslim,” Vol 4, #5810, at: https://www.answering-islam.org/
- "Who is ‘The Comforter’ of John 14-16? [Related Questions]," Wallington Gospel Hall, 2018, at: http://wallingtongospelhall.org/
How you may have arrived here:
Copyright © Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance
Author: B.A. Robinson
Originally posted on: 2018-NOV-13