About the Boy Scouts of America (BSA)
BSA's Religious Foundation (Cont'd).
Membership Oaths. BAS's Past
The fleur-de-lis is the emblem of the
World Organization of the Scout Movement,
and the main logo of the Boy Scouts of America.
The religious foundation of the BSA (Continued):
- Many scouts earn the Universal Religious Square Knot which they sew onto their shirt above the left pocket.
- The BSA does not have a merit badge on religious or spiritual knowledge. However, about 5% of Boy Scouts have completed a religious program within their own faith group and may be allowed to wear the corresponding religious emblem on their Scout uniform. This privilege is granted by the BSA to dozens of religions and denomination, if the course meets their standards. The emblems are supplied by the denomination, or by P.R.A.Y, an independent agency, 1 after the youth completes their faith group's course.
For example, the Unitarian Universalist Association has a Love and Help course and emblem for Tiger Cubs and Cub Scouts. They have a Religion in Life course and emblem for Boy Scouts and Explorers. Permission to wear their emblems was rescinded, then restored, then re-rescinded by the BSA because the course was not evaluated as meeting their standards requiring the denigration of persons with a minority sexual orientation, and requiring the Scout to believe in specific teachings about God.
The Roman Catholic Church has courses and emblems called Light of Christ for cubs, Ad Altare Dei for Boy Scouts, and Pope Pius XII for explorers.
The BSA requires its members to accept and
recite various oaths:
||The Boy Scout Oath:
On my honor I will do my best
To do my duty to God and my country and to obey the Scout Law;
To help other people at all times;
To keep myself physically strong, mentally awake, and morally straight.
||Cub Scout Promise:
I, (name), promise to do my best
To do my duty to God and my country,
To help other people, and
To obey the Law of the Pack.
||Tiger Cub Promise: (First grade boys)
I promise to love God,
my family, and my country,
and to learn about the world.
||The Declaration of Religious Principle (All youth members and adult leaders)
"The Boy Scouts of America maintains that no member can grow into the best kind of citizen without recognizing an obligation to God. In the first part of the Scout Oath or Promise the member declares, ‘On my honor I will do my best to do my duty to God and my country and to obey the Scout Law.’ The recognition of God as the ruling and leading power in the universe and the grateful acknowledgment of His favors and blessings are necessary to the best type of citizenship and are wholesome precepts in the education of the growing members."
In the past, the organization has excluded potential youth members and has expelled
existing youth members who are:
- Members of some religious organizations -- or unaffiliated individuals with personal religious beliefs -- who do not have a belief in a god. This includes Agnostics, Atheists, some Unitarian Universalists,
some Buddhists, and others.
- Youths and adult leaders with minority sexual orientations, including both homosexuals
and bisexuals. Indications of actual homosexual behavior are not needed;
merely having a homosexual or bisexual orientation was once sufficient grounds to
terminate a membership. They are not necessarily expelled because of something that they
do; they are expelled because of what they are. The beliefs of the BSA go
beyond even those of many conservative and some mainline Christians. The BSA
believe that both homosexual orientation and same-gender sexual behavior are grounds for expulsion, even if the individual is sexually inactive.
- Youths and adult leaders with who are transgender. These are persons whose gender was identified at birth but who now identify as having the opposite gender, no gender, or a combination of male and female genders later in life. The vast majority of individuals -- on the order of 99.4%, are not transgender. They retain their birth-identified gender throughout their life and are referred to as cisgender persons.
During the 2010's, the BSA has become more accepting of sexual minorities and now accepts members who are homosexual or transgender, and adult leaders who are homosexual. However, they have retained the requirement that all must still must believe in a god.
A complete description of BSA religious requirements is contained in the "Duty to God" section of the BSA legal issues web site. 2
The Girl Guides have an oath that is similar to the Boy Scouts:
"On my honor, I will try, to serve God & my country,
to help people at all times,
and to live by the Girl Scout Law."
However, since 1999, they allow individual girls to opt out of the use of the word
"God." They can substitute Jehovah, the Goddess, the Great Spirit, etc. This allows many girls to join the BAS who are Atheists, Agnostics, Buddhists, Humanists, Unitarian Universalists, and other faith groups.
Overview of the BSA's pro-tolerance teachings towards some faith groups:
There are many admirable instances in the BSA literature of pro-active
teaching about faith groups within Christianity and some other religions. They not only teach tolerance; they advocate
respect towards other theistic religions and towards the latter's followers. However they teach intolerance of non-theistic persons by denying them membership in the BSA. They also promote the human rights of all heterosexual cisgender persons. However, until recently, they simultaneously denigrated lesbians, gays, bisexuals, transgender persons, and transsexuals by denying them membership as well:
The BSA bylaws state that "activities of the members of the
Boy Scouts of America shall be carried on under conditions which show
respect to the convictions of others in matters of custom and religion. ..."
The BSA's Advancement Guidelines state that:
life, Scouts are associated with people of different faiths. Scouts believe
in religious freedom, respecting others whose religion may differ from
theirs. Scouting believes in the right of all to worship God in their own
The Scout Handbook explains:
"Your family and religious
leaders teach you to know and love God and the ways in which God can be
served. As a Scout, you do your duty to God by following the wisdom of those
teaching in your daily life, and by respecting the rights of others to have
their own religious beliefs."
The Handbook for Boys, 2nd edition discusses a Scout's
duty to his country:
"...he will stand for the equal opportunity and
justice which the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution
||Content of the Scout Handbook:
The "morally straight" clause in the Scout Oath.
It implies that the Scout should:
"Respect and defend the rights of all people. Your
relationships with others should be honest and open. Be clean in your
speech and actions, and faithful in your religious beliefs."
The fourth point in the Scout Law "A Scout is friendly"
"He seeks to understand others. He respects those with
ideas and customs that are different from his own...Every person is an
individual with his or her own ideas and ways of doing things. To be a
real friend you must accept other people as they are, show interest in
them, and respect their differences."
- Programs of Religious Activities with Youth (P.R.A.Y.) has a web
site at: http://www.praypub.org/
- "Duty to God," Boy Scouts of America, 2006, at: http://www.bsalegal.org/
Copyright © 1999 to 2017, by Ontario Consultants on
Originally published on 1999-AUG-9
Latest updated: 2017-FEB-13
Author: B.A. Robinson