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Part 27 of "Conflicts During
President Trump's Administration"

2018-OCT to 2020-MAY

The "Caravan of Despair:"
Central American Migrants Traveling Towards
the U.S. North Carolina Election fraud.
7-year-old girl dies in Border Patrol custody.
Poll indicates "Government" as most
important problem.
Trump's 2018-2019 approval ratings.
Attempt at impeachment.
Slight majority of Americans support impeachment.
Trump's administration and DACA program.
House committee votes to impeach President Trump.

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This topic is continued here from the previous essay.

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Note on the Impeachment of President Trump:

The Washington Post is publishing a free newsletter to help people keep up with the impeachment process.

See: to sign up.

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Sponsored link.

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2018-NOV-03: Caravans were headed North towards the U.S. (Continued)

According to a Washington Post article on NOV-03:

"Gun-carrying civilian groups and border vigilantes [in the U.S.] have heard a call to arms in President Trump’s warnings about threats to American security posed by caravans of Central American migrants moving through Mexico. They’re packing coolers and tents, oiling rifles, and tuning up aerial drones, with plans to form caravans of their own and trail American troops to the border." 5

It seems that this will result in:

  • highly disciplined and armed military and border guards accompanied by relatively undisciplined and uninvited vigilantes on the North side of the American-Mexican border;

  • Unarmed parents and children on the South side of the border headed North;

  • Instructions from President Trump for the military to treat any rocks thrown by people in the caravan as if they are death-dealing rifle bullets.

That sounds like a prescription for major incidents of great violence and loss of life among the women, men and children of the caravans.

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2018-NOV-24: Update:

Benjamin Orestes  and Shelby Grad, writing in the Los Angeles Times, said:

"A small faction of a larger group of 6,219 Central American migrants in Tijuana slowly and peacefully pushed within 500 feet of the U.S. border while armed Mexican federal police held a barrier near the pedestrian crossing." 6

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2018-NOV-26: Honduran woman in the caravan gives birth in U.S.:

Mammary Serrano Hernandez, 19, a Honduran woman gave birth to her second child in the U.S. after having entered the country illegally near Imperial Beach, CA, across from the borne from Tijuana, Mexico. While in custody in the U.S., she started labor and was taken to a U.S. hospital where she gave birth. She, her husband and 2-year-old son, and baby hope to join fail in Columbus OH while their cases are pending. No news source seems to have mentioned the birth date or sex of the newborn.

By having been born in the U.S., the newborn automatically has U.S. citizenship. President Trump said in October that he could end birthright citizenship with an executive order. However, most scholars on the left and right say that it would take a constitutional amendment to do this.

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2018-NOV-29: False news updates:

On NOV-26, President Trump said that three border patrol agents had been "very badly hurt" by members of a caravan of migrants from Central America. Both U.S. Customs and Border Protection Commissioner (CBP) Kevin McAleenan and Department of Homeland Security Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen denied that any border patrol agents were seriously injured during the disturbance. Somebody in the government was obviously lying or had been supplied with false information.

A photograph was widely circulated on the Internet, allegedly showing an agent with serious injury to his right eye and blood cascading down his face. The website, which monitors false news, investigated. They reported that the picture did show a border agent injured by a rock, and that the photograph had been provided by U.S. Customs and Border Protection. However, the incident happened during an assault by a drug smuggler in 2013, not in 2018 by asylum seekers. 7

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2018-DEC-02: Update:

Forty-two members of a caravan were involved in a clash on the Mexico-U.S. border at Tijuana. Four U.S. border agents were hit with rocks but none sustained a serious injury. The incident ended with U.S. authorities firing tear gas and pepper spray into Mexico. No criminal charges were laid. 8

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2018-DEC-05: Election fraud detected in North Carolina:

A suspected case of voter fraud was uncovered in North Carolina's 9th Congressional District election that may have resulted in Mark Harris (R) being elected by a narrow margin of 905 votes. The Washington Post published an article with the title: "North Carolina election-fraud investigation centers on operative with criminal history who worked for GOP congressional candidate." It appears that unusually high numbers of mail-in ballots were requested in Bladen County, and an unusual percentage of those ballots were never returned.

Amy Gardner and Kirk Ross, writing for the Washington Post, said:

"Nearly 55 percent of ballots mailed to Native American voters and 36 percent mailed to African American voters were not returned, while the non-return rate among white voters in the district was just 18 percent, according to state records.

Native and African Americans tend to vote Democrat, while White Americans there tend to vote Republican.

It seems that many voters in the area were approached by persons who offered to take their absentee mail-in-ballot and process it for them. This is not allowed in North Carolina where election laws only allow the individual voter or certain designated close relatives to mail a ballot. 8,9

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2018-DEC-08: A seven-year-old girl, a refugee from Guatemala, died:

She died in custody by the Border Patrol on DEC-08. She had been with her father and 161 other migrants who had crossed into the U.S. state of New Mexico from Mexico and had turned themselves in to three Border Patrol agents on DEC-06. Eight hours after being taken into custody she started having seizures. Her body temperature soared to 105.9 degrees F. She was airlifted to an El Paso, TX hospital, where she died early on DEC-08 of cardiac arrest

Sen. Dianne Feinstein, D-CA, issued a statement saying:

"It's heartbreaking and unacceptable that a 7-year-old girl died of dehydration and shock last week in Customs and Border Protection custody." Families walking hundreds of miles across the desert for a chance for refuge in the United States are desperate. This country owes them compassionate, humane treatment."

Her father disputed the allegation that she had no food or water for days before her death.

U.S. Rep. Beto O'Rourke, (D-TX) said:

"We've turned our back not just on these people but on our best traditions. We are causing suffering and in the case of Jakelin, seven years old, we are causing death." 10,11

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2019-FEB-18: Poll finds government is the most serious problem in the U.S.:

A Gallup poll found that the problems of greatest concern in the U.S. is the government. Thirty-five percent of U.S. adults expressed this concern. This is the highest percentage ever found by the polling company. 12 In comparison, values at the turn of the century were on the order of 5%. The value has almost doubled since 2018-NOV.

Justin McCarthy and Jeffrey M. Jones, writing for Gallup, said:

"Since January 2017, about the time Donald Trump took office, the government has been the top problem each month except in the November poll, and in July 2018. In both of those months, immigration edged out the government at the top of the list."

The main concerns among the public are:

"... gridlock, lack of bipartisanship, both parties ,or other general concerns about the way government is operating. ... there has been a surge in the percentage of Democrats seeing both parties as the problem, or citing general concerns about gridlock and lack of cooperation. Likewise, there has been a sharp increase in the number of Republicans and independents seeing both parties, gridlock, or related issues as the problem."

Problems of lesser concern are:

  • Immigration 19%
  • Healthcare 6%
  • Race relations/Racism 5%
  • Unifying the country 4%
  • Poverty/Hunger/Homelessness 4%
  • Environment/Pollution 3%
  • Ethics/Moral/Religious/Family decline 3%. 12

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2019-FEB-22: President Trump's approval ratings during 2018, by state:

Jeffrey M. Jones, writing for Gallup, listed President Trump's approval ratings during 2018. Approval was:

  • Less than 40% in 16 states -- generally states in New England and the West Coast.
  • 50% or above in 17 states, generally states in the U.S. South and Mountain West areas.
  • Highest in West Virginia at 62%
  • Lowest in Hawaii at 28%.
  • Overall, his national approval rating rose from 38% in 2017 to 40% in 2018.

Jones lists some changes that President Trump's would need to win the 2020 Presidential election:

"In order to get to the 270 electoral votes needed to win the presidency, Trump would have to win all but one or two of the states in which his 2018 approval rating was between 41% and 49%. Some of the more challenging states to win from among this group, based on that approval rating, would be Texas (41%); Pennsylvania, Wisconsin and Michigan (all at 42%); and Arizona and Florida (43%). Trump won all of those states in 2016, and thus it is certainly possible that he can do so again. But he clearly has a lot of ground to make up in those states to get close enough to 50% that he can finish with more electoral votes nationwide than the Democratic candidate." 13

It is important to remember that Presidents of the U.S. are not elected by a simple majority of votes. That was obvious to everyone in the 2016 election when Hilary Clinton received more votes than Donald Trump and yet lost the election. Also, a presidential candidate is not elected by having most voters in a majority of states voting for him. Presidential elections are based on an Electoral College system which was originally set up to give Southern states that allowed slave owning at the time to have a greater influence over presidential elections.

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2019-MAR-05: Gallup rates President Trump's approval/disapproval among the U.S. public:

Megan Brenan, writing for Gallup, reports on the latest public opinion polls on President Trump's ratings.

The overall rating of "his job as president is 43% approval and 54% disapproval. Among Republicans it was 90% approval, among Democrats it was 6%, and among Independents 35%.

He received high favorable ratings for handling the economy (56%) which is an all-time high for his presidency. His favorable rating for unemployment was also high (54%).

However, he received some other low ratings. On:

  • relations with Russia (39%),
  • race relations (38%),
  • corruption in government (37%) and
  • the situation in Syria (35%). 14

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2019-OCT: Promotion of President Trump's impeachment:

During 2019-JUL, Dana Baton reported on a Fox News Poll. It showed that 42% of U.S. voters wanted to see President Trump impeached and removed from office. 5% wanted him impeached but not removed. 45% opposed his impeachment. 8% were undecided

On 2019-SEP-24, Lieutenancy, Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, initiated an impeachment inquiry against President Donald Trump. It was triggered by a whistle blower report that Donald Trump and some officials in his administration had pressured the leaders of Ukraine and other countries to advance Trump's personal interests. These accusations have been corroborated by a number of witnesses including White House officials. 15

On OCT-09, President Trump tweeted:

"... only 25 percent want the President Impeached, which is pretty low considering the volume of Fake News coverage, but pretty high considering the fact that I did NOTHING wrong." 16

The source of President Trump's 25% figure is unknown.

On OCT-10, Fox News reported their new poll which showed that 51% of U.S. voters wanted to see President Trump impeached and removed from office. 4% wanted him impeached but not removed. 40% opposed his impeachment. Only 5% of voters were undecided.

Between 2018-JUL and 2019-OCT, the two Fox News polls reported that the percentage of voters who favored Trump's impeachment increased by:

  • 9 percentage points overall: (42% to 51%),
  • 11 points among Democrats,
  • 5 points among Republicans,
  • 3 points among independents. 
  • 5 points among white evangelical Christians,
  • 8 points among white men without a college degree, and
  • 10 points among rural whites. 17

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2019-OCT-24: Slight majority of American adults support impeachment of the President:

The 2019 American Values Survey showed that a small majority of American adults -- 51% -- support the impeachment and removal of President Trump from office. This is an increase of four percentage points since mid-September. 47% are opposed. 89% of Democrats, 7% of Republicans and 49% of Independents favor impeachment. 18

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2019-NOV-12: U.S. Supreme Court held hearings about termination of the DACA program:

President Barack Obama (D) originally announced the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) during mid-2012. It covers about 600,000 immigrants who were under the age of 16 when they were unlawfully brought into the U.S. by their parents or guardians. They are often referred to as "Dreamers." Many, perhaps most, have grown up to regard themselves as Americans. Many have few memories of their country of origin. The DACA program provides them with a renewable two-year period of deferred action from deportation and provides a permit allowing them to work in the U.S. However, their protection is only accepted or renewed if they have no felonies or serious misdemeanors on their records. 19

The program has been in place for seven years. President Trump's administration attempted to terminate the program. He announced that new applications would no longer be accepted as of 2018-MAR. This resulted in a lawsuit filed by DACA recipients, civil rights groups, some universities, and the Democratic governments of some cities and states, This lawsuit has worked its way up to the U.S. Supreme Court.

The court currently consists of five conservatives who are expected to favor ending the program and four liberals who are expected to favor preserving it. Justice Sonia Sotomayor, one of the liberal Justices, said that terminating the DACA program would "destroy lives." The Court's ruling is expected in late 2020-JUN, where it is expected to have a major effect on the 2020 presidential campaign.

President Trump tweeted a message saying that if the Supreme Court allows the DACA program to be terminated, his administration will work with the Democrats to protect the "Dreamers." So, he has gone on record as both affirming his support of the Dreamers, and his rejection of them. 20

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2019-DEC-13: House Judiciary Committee votes to impeach President Trump:

On Friday the thirteenth, In a party-line committee vote 23 to 17, the House Committee voted to send the two articles of inpeachment to the full House. There the articles are expected to be passed. President Trump may become the third president in U.S. history to be impeached. 21

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2020-MAY: U.S. Supreme Court is shortly expected to issue ruling in its DACA case:

One of the most important powers of any President of the U.S. is to nominate new Justices to the U.S. Supreme Court. Republican presidents tend to nominate strong conservatives; Democratic presidents tend to favor liberals. President Trump's nominees have followed this pattern. Since conservative Justices currently form a 5 to 4 majority on the Court, It is quite likely that they will rule to allow the Federal Administration to strip protections from DACA recipients, and send many back to their countries of origin. Most would be ignorant of that country's culture, and many would not be able to speak the language there. As many as 650,000 DACA recipients would lose their protection to continue living and working in the U.S. American has a list showing the number of DACA recipient who would lose their protected status each month until 2022-MAR.

The FWD.US website's 2019 poll shows that U.S. voters strongly support the preservation of DACA. They reported that:

"66% of voters indicated support for the program, including 91% of Democrats, 46% of Republicans, and 55% of independents."

The Court releases its new decisions on Mondays. It usually ends each term by the end of June. However, during 2020, its term may extend into July.

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References used:

The following information sources were used to prepare and update the above essay. The hyperlinks are not necessarily still active today.

  1. Zachary Cohen et al., "Veterans slam Trump for border 'stunt'," CNN Politics, 2018-OCT-31, at:
  2. Alex Ward, "The US is sending 5,000 troops to the border. Here’s what they can and can’t do." 2018-OCT-31, at:
  3. Rick Barton, "This is what Trump should do about the migrant caravan," Washington Post, 2018-NOV-19, at: https://www.washingtonpost.
  4. "Caravan migrants to Trump: ‘We are not killers’," The Globe and Mail, 2018-NOV-03, at:
  5. Mary Lee Grant & Nick Miroff, "U.S. militia groups head to border, stirred by Trump’s call to arms," The Washington Post, 2018-NOV-03, at:
  6. Benjamin Oreskes  & Shelby Grad, "Essential California: Dire warnings on climate change from the federal government," Los Angeles Times, 2018-NOV-24, at:
  7. "Does This Photograph Show a Border Patrol Agent Injured by a Thrown Rock?," Snopes, 2018-NOV-29, at:
  8. "Official: No One Arrested in Border Clash Will Be Prosecuted," Associated Press, 2018-DEC-03, at:
  9. Amy Gardner & Kirk Ross, "North Carolina election-fraud investigation centers on operative with criminal history who worked for GOP congressional candidate," Washington Post, 2018-DEC-03, at:
  10. Molly O'Toole, "White House defends Border Patrol after Guatemalan girl dies in its custody," Los Angeles Times, 2018-DEC-14, at:
  11. Caroline Linton, "New details about 7-year-old migrant girl's death in custody," CBS News, 2018-DEC-16, at:
  12. Justin McCarthy and Jeffrey M. Jones, "Record High Name Government as Most Important Problem," Gallup, 2019-FEB-18, at:
  13. Jeffrey M. Jones, "Trump Job Approval 50% or Higher in 17 States in 2018," Gallup, 2019-FEB-22, at:
  14. Megan Brenan, "Trump's Rating on Economy Still Top Strength, Hits New High," Gallup, 2019-MAR-05, at:
  15. "Impeachment inquiry against Donald Trump." Wikipedia, as on 2019-OCT-16, at:
  16. Paul LeBlanc, "New poll finds more than half support impeaching Trump and removing him from office," CNN, 2019-OCT-09
  17. Dana Blanton, "Fox News Poll: Record support for Trump impeachment," Fox News, 2019-OCT-10, at:
  18. Robert P. Jones, "Support for Impeaching President Trump Increases Over the Last Month," PPRI Email, 2901-OCT-24.
  19. "Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals," Wikipedia, as on 2019-NOV-13. at:
  20. "Split U.S. Supreme Court appears ready to allow Trump administration to end DACA," Associated Press, 2019-NOV-12, at:
  21. "House Judiciary Committee votes to impeach Donald Trump," Huffpost, 2019-DEC-13, at:

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Copyright © 2018 - 2019 by Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance
Author: B.A. Robinson
Originally posted on: 2019-FEB-22
Latest update: 2020-MAY-18

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