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Climate Change. Part 36.
2019-JUN/OCT: Lawmakers flee Oregon.
Topless German woman arrested.
Europe: Three-day heatwave.
Canada: Expert panel issues report.
June & July temperatures.
U.S. Methane emissions.
Worldwide student demonstration.
"Artificial leaf" developed.
Ozone layer in Antarctic shrinks
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This topic is continued from the previous essay

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2019-JUN-25: Republican lawmakers in Oregon flee state in order to paralyze the Legislature:

Over the previous five days, eleven Republican lawmakers have been absent from the Legislature. Some are believed to be hiding out in Idaho.

Democrats control both the House and Senate and have introduced a cap-and-trade bill to reduce the state's emissions by 80% on or before the year 2050. Without this group of eleven Republicans, the Senate does not have the quorum needed to vote on the bill. 1

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2019-JUN-22-23: German police take action against topless women trying to cool off:

In Munich, Germany, people flocked to lakes and pools to cool off. Some women were sunbathing topless on the shores of Isar River during the weekend. The security guards ordered them to cover up. Other women took their bikini tops off in solidarity. The police were called; they ordered the women to cover up,

The Green Party raised the issue in Munich's city council. Dominik Krause said:

"It’s incomprehensible if men can lie in the sun topless but not women."

The Christian Social Union party (CSU) has opposed gender equality during sunbathing, and asked that the city statutes be amended so that women would be require to wear:

"... swimwear that completely keeps their main sex organs covered." 2

Curiously, they appear to regard women's breasts to be sex organs.

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2019-JUN-26 to 29: A three-day heat wave hits Europe:

During the Summer of 2003, a heat wave caused 15,000 to 70,000 fatalities in Europe! (Sources widely differ on the number). Deaths were mostly caused by heat stroke or dehydration. Some drowned in rivers, pools, etc. while trying to cool off. The elderly and people who live alone were at the greatest risk.

Another heat wave, in 2018, caused at least 1,000 deaths. Many precautions were placed in effect througout Europe to minimize future heat-related deaths.

During the Summer of 2019, a new heat wave of unusually hot air from the Sahara Desert hit western and central mainland Europe. Most temperatures peaked on Friday, JUN-29. 8 Climate change is being blamed for causing the Sahara heat waves to become more frequent.

  • In Spain, more than 500 firefighters fought a wildfire that was apparently started when some chicken dung spontaneously combusted. Speed maximums were lowered on some highways because the asphalt was melting. Zaragoza in the North of the country reached a maximum temperature of 44C (111 F) on Saturday JUN-30!

  • In some sections of Italy, the large number of operating air conditioners caused the electrical power to fail, causing great distress.

  • Montpellier, in the Hrault region of Southern France, reached a record high for the country of 45.9C (115 F)!

  • London reached 33C (91 F); Paris 35 (95 F); Rome 37 (99 F). 3,4

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2019-JUL-04: Canada: Expert panel issues report on climate change:

The Council of Canadian Academies issued a 70 page report titled: "Canada’s Top Climate Change Risks." It lists the climate change factors of greatest concern to the federal government: urban flood damage; coastal erosion, melting of permafrost and sea ice in northern communities; raging wildfires in the West; rising ocean levels; and fisheries. They suggest the climate-change adaptions the federal government should prioritize before the worst-case scenarios become reality. 5

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2019-AUG-05: Record June & July temperatures beat or match world historical records:

Petteri Taalas, the Secretary-General of the World Meteorological Organization, said:

"July has re-written climate history, with dozens of new temperature records at local, national and global level."

The WMO also found that, during 2019:

  • June temperatures were the hottest ever recorded during that month.

  • July temperatures made the month either the hottest month in history or equal to the hottest month.

U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said:

"This year alone, we have seen temperature records shattered from New Delhi to Anchorage, from Paris to Santiago, from Adelaide and to the Arctic Circle. If we do not take action on climate change now, these extreme weather events are just the tip of the iceberg. And, indeed, the iceberg is also rapidly melting. ... Preventing irreversible climate disruption is the race of our lives, and for our lives. It is a race that we can and must win."

The U.S. National Snow and Ice Data Center’s website referred to what is called a "positive feedback loop:"

"When the climate changes enough to warm the Arctic and to melt sea ice, the polar regions have less of a reflective surface. More heat is absorbed, which causes more melting, which amplifies the warming." 6

U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), released a report that July 2019 experienced temperatures 1.71 degrees Fahrenheit (0.95 degrees Celsius) above the 20th century average. 7

Kyla Mandel, writing for Think Progress, said:

"The world just lived through the hottest month of the year ever recorded in human history. ... The world just lived through the hottest month of the year ever recorded in human history. According to data from Berkeley Earth, for instance, last month was 2.2 degrees Fahrenheit (1.22 degrees Celsius) above pre-industrial levels, just shy of the Paris Agreement’s aspirational target of limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees."

Petteri Taalas, secretary general of the World Meteorological Organization, said:

" July has re-written climate history, with dozens of new temperature records at local, national and global level."

The extent of sea ice in the Arctic during 2019-JUL was 19.8% below the 1981 to 2010 average, and is the smallest extent since satellite records began in 1979.

Iceland lost its first glacier to global warming and will be installing a plaqlue which reads:

"In the next 200 years all our glaciers are expected to follow the same path. This monument is to acknowledge that we know what is happening and what needs to be done. Only you know if we did it." 7

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2019-AUG-30: Environmental P