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Religions of the world:

Confucianism: a world religion founded
K'ung Fu Tzu (a.k.a. Confucius)

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Confucianism is an Eastern religion/philosophy. Although it is more accurately referred to as a philosophy, books on world religions inevitably include it with other religions from Buddhism to Zoroastrianism.

It originated in China but has spread to Korea, Taiwan and Vietnam. Most people who adhere to the teachings of Confucius follow Chinese traditional religion, which is a blending of Confucianism, Buddhism, Taoism, and traditional local practices and beliefs.

Topics covered in this section:

bullet History. Numbers of followers. Symbols
bullet Beliefs, teachings, and relationships
bullet Practices, schools, and sacred texts

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Helpful books:

bullet H.G. Creel, "Confucius and the Chinese Way", Harper, New York
bullet P.J. Ivanhoe, "Confucian Moral Self Cultivation", Peter Lang, New York (1993).
bullet J.R. Hinnells, "The Penguin Dictionary of Religions", Penguin Books, New York (1984), P. 94-96
bullet J.R. Hinnells, "A Handbook of Living Religions", Penguin Books, New York (1985), P. 344-364
bullet Judith Berling, "Confucianism," FaithCentral, at:
bullet "Confucius: K'ung-fu-tzu or Kongfuzi," at:
bullet The Confucius Publishing Company has published the full text of the Lun Yu (499 sayings) and other quotations from Confucius. See:
bullet Keith Ammann, "Confucius" at:
bullet Charles Muller, trans., "The Analects of Confucius," at:
bullet Richard Hooker, "Chinese Philosophy: Confucius," at:

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Copyright 1995 to 2009 by Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance.
(Yes, this website did originally go online in 1995-APR)

Original publication date: 1995-JUL-12
Latest update: 2011-FEB-15
Author: B.A. Robinson

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