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The worldwide Coronavirus
(COVID-19) pandemic.
Part 10.
2020-SEP-22 until OCT-15:
Spreading of the virus
at a Georgia meeting.
CDC recommends masks.

This is a continuation of the previous article:

Spreading through contamination of surfaces:

People infected by the virus can transfer the virus to surfaces like door handles, tables, sinks, etc., where it will live for a few hours or up to several days.

The virus can live for a maximum of:

  • 4 hours on copper,
  • 24 hours on cardboard,
  • 72 hours on plastic, and
  • 72 hours on stainless steel.

When another person touches the same surface while the virus is still alive, they can pick up the virus on their hands. If they later touch their mouth, nose, or eyes, they can easily infect themselves. 27

However, according to the CDC's original article, the virus spreads mainly by airborne transmission of particles from nearby people, and less by surface contamination. 28

Protecting yourself from the virus:

  • Wear a disposable mask in stores, theatres, etc. or when outdoors within six feet (2 meters) of other people. Make certain that both your nose and mouth are covered and the mask is secure under your chin. Persons under two years of age, who has trouble breathing, or who cannot easily remove a mask should not wear one.

  • Wear a mask indoors when other people visit you, or when someone in your home has been exposed to the virus or is infected.

  • Wash your hands after touching your mask using either soap and water for 20 seconds, or a hand sanitizer with 60% alcohol or more. Also wash your hands frequently through the day.

  • Try to avoid touching your face, particularly your eyes, nose, or mouth.

  • If possible, restrict celebration of Thanksgiving, Christmas, New Years, and other holidays to other people in your house or apartment. Alternately, celebrate holidays virtually over the Internet.

  • If possible, speed up your indoor ventilation to provide more frequent air exchanges where you live.

  • Read the article "Celebrating Thanksgiving," at the Center for Disease Control and Prevention.

2020-SEP-22: U.S. death toll exceeds 200,000. Four vaccines are being evaluated:

A fifth of a million people in the U.S. have died from the COVID-19 virus. Jennifer Nuzzo, a researcher at Johns Hopkins University public health, called this "unfathomable" for a country with the resources of the United States. 13

This is a U.S. death rate of about 0.06%. This compares with .024% in Canada. Much of the difference may be caused by the lack of a universal health care plan in the U.S.

Johnson & Johnson announced that they are the fourth company to have begun the Phase 3 clinical trial -- the final trial. They are evaluating the vaccine on 60,000 volunteers! It might require just one injection instead of two. This would be a major advantage! Also, it does not have to be kept frozen during shipment. They expect to have tens of millions of doses ready by the end of 2020.

Tests will shortly begin also by Sanofi and Novavax. Dr. Dan Barouch, a virologist at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center who led the development of the technology used in Johnson & Johnson’s trial, said:

"We need multiple vaccines to work. There are seven billion people in the world, and no single vaccine supplier will be able to manufacture at that scale." 14

2020-SEP-22: Governor of Missouri tested positive for the Coronavirus:

Governor Mike Parson(R) has often ignored personal protection against the pandemic and has occasionally attended large events while not wearing a mask.

He tested positive for the coronavirus on SEP-23.

His wife, Theresa Parson, had noticed mild symptoms, including a cough and nasal congestion. She took a nasal test which came back positive. This was confirmed with a later nasal swab test.

He said:

"I want everybody to know that myself and the first lady are both fine. Right now I feel fine. No symptoms of any kind. But right now we just have to take the quarantine procedures in place."

He cancelled several events that had been scheduled for later in the week. 15

2020-OCT-03: Mild cases of COVID-19:

Caroline Bologna wrote an excellent article titled:

"What It Means When Doctors Say Coronavirus Symptoms Are Often 'Mild.' Here's to know about mild cases of COVID-19, including how long you're contagious and what symptoms to expect."

2020-OCT-03: The order in which COVID-19 symptoms usually appear:

It is sometimes difficult to determine whether a person has COVID-19 or "just" the flu.

Experts at the USC Michelson Center's Convergent Science Institute published an article in Cancer Frontiers in Public Health that lists the symptoms in the order by which they usually appear:

  1. Fever above 100.4 degrees Farenheit or 38 degrees Celsius.
  2. Dry and persistent cough, along with shortness of breath.
  3. Muscle pain.
  4. Nausea and/or vomiting.
  5. Diarrhea. 29

2020-OCT-05: President Trump is sickened by the COVID-19 virus:

President Trump, (R) 74, experienced a high fever on Friday, OCT-02, was given supplemental oxygen for about an hour, and was hospitalized. He received the first of five daily doses of remdesivir, which had received emergency use authorizaton from the FDA. He also received an experimental antibody cocktal from drugmaker Regeneron.

On OCT-03, he again received supplemental oxygen. There were signs that his lungs were damaged by the virus. Doctors gave a restricted medical briefing which did not reveal the full picture of his illness.

He staged a motorcade drive-by outside Walter Reed National Military Medical Centre and was criticized by some medical experts who noted that he had endangered the health of the Secret Service agents who were in the vehicle with him. The vehicle is designed to prevent outside air from entering the car. This concentrates any virus particles that are inside the car.

On OCT-04, he received a dose of the steriod dexamethasone which has been shown to help patients with severe cases of COVID-19.

Meanwhile, Joe Biden (D) has repeatedly tested negative for the virus.

Trump's condition continued to improve on OCT-04. He tweeted on OCT-05 that he expected to be discharged from hospital on OCT-05 at 6:30 PM. 17

2020-OCT-05: CDC restored its September website article with new content:

On 2020-OCT-05, the CDC finally clarified its understanding of how COVID-19 is spread. They believe that the main mechanism is by large respiratory droplets that are spread whenever a person coughs, sneezes, sings, talks, or breathes.

The CDC stated that:

"There is evidence that under certain conditions, people with COVID-19 seem to have infected others who were more than six feet away. These transmissions occurred within enclosed spaces that had inadequate ventilation. Sometimes the infected person was breathing heavily, for example while singing or exercising."

“Under these circumstances, scientists believe that the amount of infectious smaller droplet and particles produced by the people with COVID-19 became concentrated enough to spread the virus to other people. The people who were infected were in the same space during the same time or shortly after the person with COVID-19 had left."

Lena Sun and Ben Guarino, writing for the Washington Post said:

"There have been several well-documented cases in which the coronavirus spread rapidly and widely in an enclosed or indoor environment — a restaurant in Guangzhou, China; a bus traveling in China’s Zhejiang province; a call center in Seoul; and a church choir in Washington state."

Most scientists believe that keeping six feet or two meters away from other people is sufficient to prevent infection from droplets spread by infected persons. However, infected persons also can also spread by aerosols, which are a form of microscopic droplets. They are very tiny and able to travel great distances, floating in the air as a vapor, and infecting a whole room. A singer in Washington State during 2020-MAR spread the virus up to 45 feet away and infected more than 50 people!"

University of Toronto alumna, Dr. Samantha Yammine, has prepared an excellent video about limiting the spread of the pandemic, titled: "(Almost) All the Science of Face Masks to Prevent COVID-19".

2020-OCT-13: Canada's chief public health officer changes her opinion about aerosol transmission of COVID-19 virus:

Dr. Theresa Tam said it might be time to revise federal guidance on how the virus can be spread. She is responding to recent statements by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and the World Health Organization that COVID-19 can be spread for long distances by sub-miniature aerosol particles in crowded, poorly ventilated settings. This is in addition to being spread for shorter distances by much larger droplets, which tend to sink to the floor within six feet of the infected person.

2020-OCT-15: Researchers reject "herd immunity" as a method of managing COVID-19:

A group of 80 researchers sent an open letter which was published in The Lancet as the "John Snow Memorandum." 22 It has been approved by more than 6,900 scientists, researchers, and healthcare professionals. It says, in part:

"SARS-CoV-2 spreads through contact (via larger droplets and aerosols), and longer-range transmission via aerosols, especially in conditions where ventilation is poor. Its high infectivity... combined with the susceptibility of unexposed populations to a new virus, creates conditions for rapid community spread. The infection fatality rate of COVID-19 is several-fold higher than that of seasonal influenza... and infection can lead to persisting illness, including in young, previously healthy people (ie, long COVID(3)). It is unclear how long protective immunity lasts (4) and, like other seasonal coronaviruses, SARS-CoV-2 is capable of re-infecting people who have already had the disease, but the frequency of re-infection is unknown.... Transmission of the virus can be mitigated through physical distancing, use of face coverings, hand and respiratory hygiene, and by avoiding crowds and poorly ventilated spaces. Rapid testing, contact tracing, and isolation are also critical to controlling transmission. ..."

"Any pandemic management strategy relying upon immunity from natural infections for COVID-19 is flawed. Uncontrolled transmission in younger people risks significant morbidity... and mortality across the whole population. In addition to the human cost, this would impact the workforce as a whole and overwhelm the ability of healthcare systems to provide acute and routine care. ..."

"Japan, Vietnam, and New Zealand, to name a few countries, have shown that robust public health responses can control transmission, allowing life to return to near-normal, and there are many such success stories. The evidence is very clear: controlling community spread of COVID-19 is the best way to protect our societies and economies until safe and effective vaccines and therapeutics arrive within the coming months."0.

This topic continues in the next article


The following information sources were used to prepare and update the
above essay. The hyper links are not necessarily still active today
:

  1. Adam Feinstein, "Inexpensive steroids reduce deaths of hospitalized Covid-19 patients, WHO analysis confirms," Stat News, 2020-SEP-02, at: https://www.statnews.com/
  2. Dan Evon, "Was Sturgis Motorcycle Rally Responsible for 250K Coronavirus Cases?," Snopes, 2020-SEP-10, at: https://www.snopes.com/
  3. Katie Camero, "Sturgis biker rally adds 267,000 COVID cases and $12.2B in health costs, report says," Kansas City Star, 2020-SEP-08, at: https://www.kansascity.com/
  4. Henrik Pettersson, "Tracking coronavirus’ global spread," CNN, 2020-SEP-11, at: https://www.cnn.com/
  5. Anthony Murdoch, "COVID-19 deaths plummet to zero for the first time since spring in Canada," Life Site News, 2020-SEP-16, at: https://www.lifesitenews.com/news/
  6. "How can you tell the difference between COVID-19 and the season flu? What are the symptoms that differentiate them?," Quora, 2020-MAR-13, at: https://www.quora.com/
  7. "Today’s coronavirus news: CDC says coronavirus spreads mainly in the air, through respiratory aerosols and droplets ..." Toronto Star, 2020-SEP-21, at: https://www.thestar.com/
  8. Tim Elfrink, "CDC reverses itself and says guidelines it posted on coronavirus airborne transmission were wrong," Washington Post, at: https://www.msn.com
  9. "After uproar, CDC changes guidance on coronavirus testing," Advisory Board, 2020-SEP-21, at: https://www.advisory.com/
  10. Laurel Wamsley, "CDC Publishes — Then Withdraws — Guidance On Aerosol Spread Of Coronavirus," KPCC National Public Radio at: https://www.scpr.org/news/
  11. Thomson Reuters, "CDC removes warning on airborne spread of COVID-19," Canadian Broadcasting Corp. (CBC), 2020-SEP-21, at: https://www.cbc.ca/
  12. Daniel B. Jernigan, MD, CDC COVID-19 Response Team, "Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report," CDC, 2020-FEB-25, at: https://www.cdc.gov/
  13. "The COVID-19 brief," CTV News, 2020-SEP-23, via the Mid-Week Catchup Email.
  14. "Johnson & Johnson’s Vaccine Advances, Sparking Optimism in Race," New York Times, 2020-SEP-23, at: https://www.nytimes.com/
  15. David Liev & Jim Salter, "Missouri governor, opponent of mandatory masks, has COVID-19," ABC News, 2020-SEP-23, at: https://abcnews.go.com/
  16. Laura King & Chris Megerian, "Trump's illness appars more serious," Los Angeles Times, 2020-OCT-04, at:latimes.com
  17. John Wagner, et al., "Election live updates: Trump tweets that he’s leaving hospital today," The Washington Post, at: https://www.washingtonpost.com/
  18. Lena H. Sun & Ben Guarino, "CDC says airborne transmission plays a role in coronavirus spread in a long-awaited update after a website error last month," The Washington Post, 2020-OCT-05, at: https://www.washingtonpost.com/
  19. Lidia Morawska and Donald Milton, "It Is Time to Address Airborne Transmission of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)," Clinical Infectious Diseases, 2020-JUL-06, at: https://academic.oup.com/
  20. Madison Dapcevich, "Did CDC Report ‘Majority’ of People Who Contracted COVID-19 Wore Masks?," Snopes.com, 2020-OCT-16, at: https://www.snopes.com/
  21. Ben Cousins, "Research makes possible link between COVID-19 risk and vitamin D deficiency," CTV News, 2020-SEP-03, at: https://www.ctvnews.ca/
  22. "The John Snow Memorandum at: https://www.johnsnowmemo.com/
  23. Linda A. Johnson & Lauran Neergaard of the Associated Press, "Pfizer says early data signals COVID-19 vaccine is effective, yahoo!finance," 2020-NOV-09, at: https://ca.finance.yahoo.com/
  24. Ricardo Alonso-Zaldivar, "Feds announce COVID-19 vaccine agreement with drug stores," Associated Press News, 2020-NOV-12, at: https://apnews.com/
  25. Charlotte Jee, "One in five covid-19 patients are diagnosed with a mental illness within three months," Technology Review, 2020-NOV-11, at: https://www.technologyreview.com/
  26. Berkeley Lovelace Jr., "Moderna Says Preliminary Trial Data Shows Its COVID-19 Vaccine Is More Than 94% Effective," CNBC, 2020-NOV-16, at: https://www.nbcnewyork.com/
  27. Gennifer Ferreria, "How long can the novel coronavirus live on different surfaces?," CTV News, 2019-MAY-05, at: https://www.ctvnews.ca/
  28. "How COVID-19 spreads," Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2020-OCT-28, at: https://www.cdc.gov/
  29. Alek Korab,"Covid symptoms usually appear in this order, study finds," EatThis.com, 2020-OCT-03, at: https://www.eatthis.com/
  30. Dan Keating, Ariana Cha and Gagriel Florit, "Racial, ethnic minorities continue to die from covid-19 at much higher rates, Post analysis shows," Washington Post, 2020-NOV-20, at:https://www.washingtonpost.com/
  31. "Pfizer & BioNtech applying for clearance of their coronavirus vaccine..." The Washington Post, 2020-NOV-20, at: https://www.washingtonpost.com/
  32. "Thinks you need to know today," The week.com, via email mailing, 2020-NOV-23.
  33. "3rd major COVID-19 vaccine shown to be effective and cheaper," Microsoft News, 2020-NOV-23, at: 3rd major COVID-19 vaccine shown to be effective and cheaper
  34. Mili Godio, "SCOTUS Decision Blocking NY Governor's Limits on Religious Gatherings Praised by Faith Leaders, Conservatives," Newsweek, 2020-NOV-26, at: www.newsweek.com/
  35. Katherine Ellen Foley, "The countries that have already ordered enough vaccines for their entire population," Quartz, 2020-NOV-24, at: The countries that have already ordered enough Covid-19 vaccines
  36. Lena H Sun & Isaac Stanley-Becker, "Health-care workers and nursing home residents should be the first to get coronavirus vaccines, CDC advisory group says," Washington Post, 2020-DEC-01, at: Health-care workers and nursing homes should get covid vaccine first
  37. Sean Boynton, "Britain approves Pfizer coronavirus vaccine for use, 1st in world to do so," Microsoft News, 2020-DEC-02, at: Britain approves Pfizer coronavirus vaccine for use, 1st in world to do so
  38. "Intent to get a COVID-19 vaccine rises to 60%...,"  Pew Research Center, 2020-DEC-05, at: 60% in U.S. now plan to get COVID-19 vaccine
  39. Taylor Telford, "CDC recommends people wear masks indoors when not at home," Washington Post, 2020-DEC-04, at: CDC mask guidance ...

Copyright © 2020 by Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolernace
Latest update: 2020-
DEC-07
Author: B.A. Robinson

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