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The worldwide Coronavirus
(COVID-19) pandemic.
Part 13.
2020-NOV-23 to 2021-MAR-31:

This is a continuation of the previous article:

 

 

What do the Coronavirus vaccines accomplish?

According to the U.S. Centres for Disease Control and Prevention:

"COVID-19 vaccination works by teaching your immune system how to recognize and fight the virus that causes COVID-19, and this protects you from getting sick with COVID-19."

If you receive a Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna vaccine that requires two injections spaced apart by many weeks, then you are considered fully vaccinated two weeks after receiving the second shot.

If you receive a Johnson & Johnson's Janssen vaccine, then you are considered fully vaccinated two weeks after receiving the single shot.

It is very important to keep taking all prevention precautions until you are fully vaccinated.

In addition, the CDC recommends that you continue to keep taking precautions in public places or when you are with unvaccinated people.

2020-DEC-20: The next U.S persons to receive COVID-19 vaccines:

By DEC-20, 556,000 people in the U.S. had received their initial dose of the Pfizer-BioNtech vaccine. Currently, these are almost all health care workers and nursing home residents. The federal Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices recommended that the next group to receive a vaccine should be people 75 and older, and essential workers like teachers, grocery store workers, corrections officers, U.S. Postal Service employees, and firefighters.

The recommendation will now be sent to the director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and used to guide states on how to put together their vaccination programs. 1

2020-DEC-26: Allergic reactions to the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine:

The United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has detected six severe allergic reactions out of the 272,001 vaccine doses administered through 2020-DEC-19. That is a rate of 0.0022%!

They suspect that these rare reactions are caused by Polyethylene Glycol, which is one component of the vaccine. It also found in the Moderna vaccine, and other drugs, and is known to rarely trigger reactions. 2

2020-DEC-28: A variant of the COVID-19 virus was detected in the UK:

The COVID-19 virus has mutated and produced a new virus type. U.S. health officials believe that the new version is no more apt to cause serious illness or be resistant to vaccines than the strain afflicting people in the United States. However, they say that it still must be taken "very seriously."

Dr. Anthony Fauci endorsed the decision of U.S. officials to require negative COVID-19 tests before letting people from Britain enter the U.S. He declined to weigh in on whether that step should have been taken sooner. He said the variant strain is something “to follow very carefully” and “we’re looking at it very intensively now.” 3

He said: "Does it make someone more ill? Is it more serious virus in the sense of virulence? And the answer is, it doesn’t appear to be that way.

Speaking on "Face the Nation," he said:

"The general population would be getting immunized widely by late [2021] March or early April ... [after] the front-line workers, older people and certain other segments of the public given priority for the vaccines." 3

2020-DEC-28: President Trump signs massive COVID relief bill:

President Donald Trump signed a billion pandemic relief package totalling a $900 billion dollars! The bill also provides $1.4 trillion dollars to fund government agencies until 2021-SEP and contains other end-of-session priorities including an increase in food stamp benefits. 4

2020-DEC-30: A third COVID-19 vaccine is approved in the UK

AstraZeneca and the University of Oxford in the UK have developed a new COVID-19 vaccine. It has a similar efficacy to the two previously approved vaccines. It was approved for use in the UK.

Twenty-eight million doses of the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines are expected to have been shipped by 2021-JAN-02-. 5

Countries prepare for New Year's eve:

Many countries are urging their citizen to celebrate New Year's at home instead of gatherings elsewhere. France sent 100,000 to break up gatherings, Japan is considering a state of emergency. South Africa is banning alcohol.

In the U.S., at downtown New York City, Times Square was closed to the public for the first time in decades. But there will be a program from Times Square that will be broacast over television showing the ball drop in a ceremony that honors frontline workers. 6

2021-JAN-04: Misinformaton about COVIC-19 vaccines:

There is an enormous amount of misinformation about these vaccines on the Internet. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has published "Facts about COVID-19 Vaccines," which contains accurate information. 7

2021-JAN-07: Status of COVID-19 in the U.S.:

A total of 365,346 people have died in the U.S. to date. New records are reached every day!

5.9 million people have received their first dose of the virus.

As many as 438,000 are projected to die of the virus by the end of January.

59% of COVID-19 infections are transmitted from people with no symptoms! This makes the wearing of masks and separation from other people very important at all times. 8

The inauguration ceremony on JAN-20 of President-elect Joe Biding will be a very simple affair. According to the Washington Post:

"Washington will be largely shut down, with indoor restaurants, museums and the Washington Monument all closed and Americans explicitly warned to avoid the city. If everything goes as planned, the closest thing to a crowd Biden will see will be the thousands of military personnel and law enforcement officers patrolling the streets to prevent another pro-Trump riot." 8

2021-JAN-18: New variants of COVID-19 circulating.

Dr. Anthony Fauci of the Centers for Disease Control discussed the new variant of COVID-19 circulating. It won't get you more sick, it will get more people sick faster.

He said:

"MORE SPREAD — MORE CASES — MORE DEATHS.

Well, we're taking it really very seriously. You don't want people to panic, but you have to look at it from a certain standpoint.The variants have come from the United Kingdom, South Africa and Brazil. ... People need to realize there's more than one mutant strain. There's one from the UK. That's essentially dominated. That's the one that is actually seen in the United States. There's another more ominous one. That's in South Africa and Brazil. We're looking at all of them, very, very carefully..." 9

2021-JAN-19: "Protect yourself"

Dr. Fauci recomments that people:

"... double down on the public health measures that we've been talking about all the time—be very compulsive as the President-elect says, at least for the first hundred days, and maybe more—everybody wear a mask, keep the distance, avoid the congregate settings, but also another important thing: The easiest way to evade this negative effect of these new isolates is to just when the vaccine becomes available, people should get vaccinated. Boy, if ever there was a clarion call for people to put aside vaccine hesitancy. If we can get, you know, the overwhelming majority of the population vaccinated, we'd be in very good shape and could beat even the mutant." 10

High risk places where you are more likely to catch COVID-19:

EatThis.com has a list of 35 places where a person is most likely to catch COVID, ranked from the least risky (takng a walk) to most risky (hanging out with a sick person) 11

2021-JAN-19: Double masking encouraged to fight COVID-19 spread

Dr. Anthony Fauci, the nation’s top infectious disease expert, told NBC News:

"So, if you have a physical covering with one layer, you put another layer on, it just makes common sense that it likely would be more effective. That’s the reason why you see people either double masking or doing a version of an N95.”

The N95 is a medical-quality mask that is more effective than the versions sold for public use.

Double masking was in the spotlight last week during President Joe Biden’s inauguration, where several high-profile officials and celebrities were photographed wearing one mask on top of another. 12

2021-FEB-01: U.S. President Biden to meet with GOP lawmakers to discuss COVID-19 relief:

President Biden is proposing to spend $1.9 trillion dollars. Democrats in Congress are ready to implement this without any Republican support, Meanwhile, Biden plans to meet with a group of ten Republican senators led by Senator Susan Collins, R-ME. who have proposed spending about one third of this amount. 13

2021-FEB-03: Only a slim majority of U.S. workers will seek a COVID-19 vaccination:

Only 56% of employees say they will get the vaccine. This ranges from 47% among those in the food and beverage industry to 77% among those in higher education. This resulted from a very large public opinion survey whose margin of error is within 1 percentage point. 13

2021-FEB-03: Schumer (D-NY) and McConnell (R-KY) agree on how to run a 50-50 Senate:

Vice President Harris will provide any needed future tiebreaking vote.

Harris, the nation’s first female vice president, on Wednesday presided over the ceremonial swearing in of Transportation Secretary Pete Buttigieg, the nation’s first openly gay person ever to be confirmed to a Cabinet post. 13

2021-FEB-03: Vaccination rates across the world:

The UK Daily Express reported that as of FEB-03, "Dozens of nations have been forced to cancel appointments ..." for vaccination due to slow deliveries of the vaccine. 15

89 million people worldwide have been vaccinated, including 26 million in the U.S., 24 million in China, and 9.2 million in the UK.

Gibraltar has the largest percentage of its population vaccinated. This is followed by Israel, the United Arab Emirates, Seychelles, American Samoa, Palau, and the UK.

2021-FEB-05: New COVID-19 vaccine:

Johnson & Johnson have developed a 66% efficient, single shot, vaccine against moderate and severe COVID-19. They have asked U.S. regulators to authorize emergency use in the country. It can be stored a higher temperatures than the other two vaccines; this would simplify distribution. 16

2021-FEB-11: Caution: COVID-19 vaccines and immunity:

Dr. Kristen Marks, an infectious disease specialist at NewYork-Presbyterian/Weill Cornell Medical Center and an associate professor of medicine in the Division of Infectious Diseases at Weill Cornell Medicine, discusses how long it takes for vaccines to provide protection.

Dr. Marks noted that scientific studes show that there is some protection two weeks after receiving the first dose of the Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna vaccines, but that protection may wane over time.

The vaccines' protection become generally achieved somewhere between one and two weeks after the second dose. Unfortunately, many people believe that protection starts immediately after receiving the second injection.

Dr. Marks said that:

“I think it’s important to continue to take all the recommended precautions, so you can protect yourself and others. Until we really get a decrease in the COVID that’s circulating, all of that remains necessary." 28

2021-FEB-13: Racial discrimination in vaccination:

Mary Beth Griggs, writing on GetReview.co noted that in the U.S., "COVID-19 has sickend and killed a disproportionate number of Black, Naive American and Latinx people." Part of this is caused by a lower percentage of Black Americans willing to be vaccinated. Many distrust the safety of the vaccines.

To date, 108 million people have tested positive for the vaccine worldwide. Of them, 2.4 million have died. (2.2%) Among the deaths, 479,458 lived in the U.S. 17

2021-FEB-17: Places where COVID-19 is most often transmitted between persons:

CNN's chief medical correspondent Dr. Sanjay Gupta, said that "80 percent of COVID transmissions occur in restaurants, bars, cafés, hotels, and houses of worship." 18

In restaurants and cafés, people are often seated close to others. Also they usually have their nose and mouth uncovered as they eat.

In bars, many people drink sufficient alcohol to become careless regarding masks and social distancing.

Hotels: The CDC rates your home as the safest place to be, with vacation rentals "less safe" and hotels "even less safe."

Houses of Worship have been linked to many COVID-19 outbreaks, with some becoming superspreader events. During 2020, one North Carolina church had an outbreak resulting in more than 200 cases and 12 deaths!

2021-FEB-20: Pfizer vaccine found to be 99% effective at preventing COVID-19 deaths!

The health ministry of Israel released data on the country's experience with the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine. They found it almost 96% effective at preventing COVID-19 infections two weeks after the individual received their second dose. It is about 99% at preventing severe infections, hospitalizations, and deaths from the coronavirus! 18

Coronavirus symptoms usually appear in a specific order:

Experts at the USC Michelson Center Convergent Science Institute in Cancer published an article in the journal Frontiers in Public Health. They studied the order in which symptoms most often appear in people who have been infected by the Coronavirus. The sequence generally is:

1. Significant fever above 100.4 Fahrenheit or 38 Centigrade.

2. A dry and persistent cough.

3. Muscle pain.

4. Nausea and/or vomiting.

5. Diarrhea. 19

2021-MAR-02: Biden promises enough coronavirus vaccine for ‘every adult in America’ by the end of May:

He promised that there will be enough coronavirus vaccine doses for “every adult in America” by the end of May. He presumably is referring to "every adult in America who wants a vaccine."

He said that pharmaceutical giant Merck will help make Johnson & Johnson's single-injection coronavirus vaccine. He urged Johnson & Johnson’s manufacturing facilities to “operate 24/7.” 22

2021-MAR-05: Canada approves their fourth COVID-19 vaccine:

Health Canada has approved the use of Johnson & Johnson's COVID-19 vaccine in the country. It only requires a single injection! Other vaccines that have been previously approved are:

AstraZeneca, Moderna and Pfizer-BioNTech. 20

2021-MAR-06: Risk factors for complications from COVID-19:

Being old, having a pre-existing illness, or being overweight or obese all increase a person's risk of hospititalization and death if they catch COVID-19.20

2021-MAR-06: Senate passes coronavirus relief bill:

After voting overnight on amendments, the Senate passed Biden's $1.9 trillion dollar coronavirus relief bill. The bill was then sent back to the House. 21 If passed, it would send $1,400 checks to millions of low and middle-income Americans, provide new yearly child tax benefits, boost unemployment payments for workers still unemployed, and invests heavily in the country’s attempt to climb back from a public-health emergency that has devastated families, workers, students and businesses alike. 21

As of 2021-MAR-08: Things one can / cannot / should / and shouldn't do after receiving the vaccination:

It takes time after any vaccination for it to take effect. Unfortunately, this fact is not circulated widely enough on the media. And so, some people feel that they cannot pickup the virus from someone else as soon as they receive their full vaccination.

According to Yahoo.com:

Pfizer and Moderna are designed to be most effective starting 7 to 14 days after the second and final dose is injected.

Johnson & Johnson's efficacy was measured 28 days after the single jab." 25

According to Yahoo! News:

"Fully vaccinated people do not have to quarantine if exposed to someone who has tested positive for the virus unless that person is symptomatic.

Webmaster's note:

Presumably by "fully vaccinated" means that the person has waited enough time after receiving the vaccine for it to be fully effective. This is 14 days after their second vaccine dose of Pfizer or Moderna. It is 14 to 28 days after the Johnson & Johnson's single vaccine dose. (Information sources differ).

The CDC says it's important for vaccinated people to still wear masks and practice social distancing in public." 23

Unfortunately, as of 2021-MAR-09, there are other important factors that are not widely discussed in the media:

One should wait two weeks or more after having received a previous vaccine before receiving a COVID-19 vaccine.

One should continue their previous precautions for a while, until the vaccine takes full effect in their body. To be safer, it would be advisable to wait even longer.

You should not receive a vaccination if you have a fever: a body temperature over 100.1 degrees F (or 37.8 degrees C.).

You should not receive a vaccination if you have had COVID-19 symptoms anytime during the previous two weeks, or have received blood plasma during the previous 90 days.

If you have had one or more severe allergic reactions after receiving a previous vaccination(s), you should consult your doctor before signing up for a COVID-19 vaccination.

It is not yet known how long any vaccine's protection will remain effective in a person's body. 24

2021-MAR-11: President Biden signs coronavirus relief bill:

This will send $1,400 checks to many Americans, expand unemployment insurance until SEP-06, finance vaccine delivery and testing, retrofit schools for reopening and support state and city budgets. 26

2021-MAR-14: Concern about number of visitors coming to Florida for spring break:

Florida mayors are worried about flood of visitors to their state. Miami Beach Mayor Dan Gelber said:

"We're seeing too much spring break activity. We've got a problem with too many people coming here, we've got a problem with too many people coming here to let loose. ... "We are concerned. It's very challenging."

Orlando Mayor Buddy Dyer urged visitors to practice Covid-19 safety precautions. He wrote on Twitter: "We've come a long way as a community in slowing the spread of the virus. As you enjoy our city and our wonderful weather this weekend, continue your pandemic precautions." 27

The image at the top of the MSN news article appears to show hundreds of vacationers packing a South Beach in Florida. Webmaster's comment: "I wasn't able to see any masks being worn in the photograph, which was taken on MAR-13. This is likely to be a "super-spreader" event. 27

2021-MAR-14: Some states are lifting mask mandates:

National Institutes of Health Director Dr. Francis Collins said:

"If there was ever a time to put on the mask, this is it. Every bit of data proves that mask wearing reduces infections, reduces deaths. ... We are still seeing 50 to 60,000 cases a day right now... this is the time."

Yet Oklahoma Governor Kevin Stitt announced on MAR-11 that he was doing away with any restrictions on events or residents and was removing a mask requirement in state buildings. Also, there is no longer a state-wide mask wearing mandate in Mississipi and Texas. Wyoming will remove its statewide mask requirement and allow bars, restaurants, theaters and gyms to resume normal operation on MAR-16. 27

2021-MAR-15: Caution: COVID-19 vaccines and immunity:

Dr. Kristen Marks, an infectious disease specialist at NewYork-Presbyterian/Weill Cornell Medical Center and an associate professor of medicine in the Division of Infectious Diseases at Weill Cornell Medicine, discussed how long it takes for vaccines to provide protection.

Dr. Marks noted that scientific studes show that there is some protection two weeks after receiving the first dose of the Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna vaccines, but that protection may wane over time.

The vaccines' protection become generally achieved somewhere between one and two weeks after the second dose. Unfortunately, many people believe that protection starts immediately after receiving the second injection.

Dr. Marks said that:

“I think it’s important to continue to take all the recommended precautions, so you can protect yourself and others. Until we really get a decrease in the COVID that’s circulating, all of that remains necessary." 28

2021-MAR-15: The White House will launch a campaign to convince people to get vaccinated:

Within weeks, the campaign costing 1.5 billion will start in an attempt to reduce American's skepticism and safety concerns of COVID-19 vaccines. The campaign will concentrate on young people, people of color, and conservatives.

Sten Vermund, the dean of the Yale School of Public Health said:

"I’m worried about the 15% of Americans who say they will not take the vaccine, and about 8% or 9% of Americans say, ‘I will take it if they make me, if my job forces me to.’ So that’s about 23% or 24%, and that’s flirting with the level we need to get to herd immunity." 29

2021-MAR-16: Many Republican voters in the U.S. are reluctant to hesitant to receive the COVID-19 vaccine:

An article in The Week stated that:

In a new AP-NORC survey, 42 percent of Republicans say they probably or definitely won't get vaccinated, versus 17 percent of Democrats.

recent NPR/PBS NewsHour Marist poll found that 49 percent of Republican men and 47 percent of Donald Trump supporters said they would opt out if a vaccine was offered to them, versus 6 percent of Democratic men.

CBS News-YouGov survey released Sunday recorded 33 percent of Republicans saying they would not get a shot; another 20 percent are undecided. 30

2021-MAR-18: Major surge in hate crimes against Asian people during the COVID-19 pandemic:

The San Bernardino’s Center for the Study of Hate and Extremism at California State University, San Bernardino revealed that hate crimes reported to police departments in U.S. an increase of 149% betwen 2019 and 2020. "The study reported, for example, that New York City had three reported hate crimes targeting Asians in 2019 versus 28 in 2020. In Los Angeles, seven incidents were reported in 2019 versus 15 in 2020. In Boston, four incidents were reported in 2019 versus 16 in 2020. Stop AAPI Hate, a website that tracks hate incidents against Asians and Pacific Islanders, logged 3,795 hate incidents, which included everything from verbal and online harassment to physical assault, from March 19, 2020 to Feb. 28, 2021. Women were more than twice as likely to be victims than men. 31

2021-MAR-20: Status of vaccinations in the U.S.:

There are about 2.5 million vaccinations per day. The pace is expected to increase dramatically later in March. This is close to meeting President Biden's goal of innoculating 200 million doses by his 100th day in office.

The nation may be able to cover the entire adult population by MAR-30 who want vaccinations. 32

2021-MAR-30: Pfizer and Moderna vaccines found to be very effective after the first vaccination:

Ankur Banerjee and Vishwadha Chander, writing for  Reuters, wrote that a real-world U.S. study revealed that COVID-19 vaccines developed by Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna reduced risk of infection by 80 per cent two weeks or more after the first of two shots. The study involved almost 4,000 health care personnel and first responders. 33

2021-MAR-31: Hesitancy about receiving vaccine decreasing:

The Week reports that the percentage of people in the U.S. who are reluctant to accept the COVID-19 vaccination is decreasing, according to new surveys from the Kaiser Family Foundati.(KFF) and the U.S. Census Bureau. "... about 61 percent of U.S. adults said they have either gotten their first dose already or are eager to get the shot, up from 47 percent in January. An estimated 70-90 percent of the U.S. population will need to be immune for the pandemic to be under control."

KFF found that "... 55 percent of Black Americans, 61 percent of Latinos, and 64 percent of white people, want to get vaccinated. Overall, 20 percent of respondents said they won't get vaccinated at all or only if required by work or school, and Republicans (29 percent) and white evangelical Christians (28 percent) were still overrepresented in that group. Another 46 percent of Republicans said they have or will get vaccinated, versus 79 percent of Democrats." Republicans at 29% and white Evangelical Christians at 28% are "definately not" going to receive a vaccine if they have a choice.

The following information sources were used to prepare and update the above essay. The hyper links are not necessarily still active today:

  1. Stephen Collinson, "Trump goes on rampage with pardons, veto threats and Covid denial, CNN, 2020-DEC-23, at: Trump goes on rampage with pardons
  2. Taking a hard look at variant of coronavirus," Associated Press, 2020-DEC-27, at: Fauci: US taking hard look at variant of coronavirus
  3. "Subdued New Year’s, Snapchat’s growth, color-changing rivers," Quartz Daily Brief, 2020-DEC-31, via Email
  4. "UK Eyes Third Vaccine," Join1440.com, 2020-DEC-29, at: AstraZeneca Vaccine
  5. Paige Cunningham, "More than 4,000 Americans died Thursday of the coronavirus, setting a grim record," The Washington Post 2021-JAN-08 at: The Health 2020Mark Villani
  6. "More Canadians than ever willing to receive the COVID-19 vaccine, Angus Reid poll, 2020-DEC-14, at: https://calgary.ctvnews.ca/
  7. Megan Brenan, "Willingness to Get COVID-19 Vaccine Ticks Up to 63% in U.S.," Gallup, 2020-SEP-08, at: Willingness to Get COVID-19 Vaccine
  8. "Coronavirus Updates," Washington Post, at: Coronavirus Updates: Time to fine maskless lawmakers?
  9. "Dr. Fauci Issues Urgent New COVID Warning," Microsoft News, 2021-JAN-18, at: Dr. Fauci Issues Urgent New COVID Warning
  10. Alex Kikab, "How to Survive this Pandemic," Eat this, Not That, 2021-JAN-17, at: Dr. Fauci Calls This “Easiest Way” to Avoid COVID
  11. Kelly Hernandez, Coronavirus Tips, 2020, at 35 Places You're Most Likely to Catch COVID
  12. "Double masking encouraged to fight COVID-19 spread, USAToday, at:Double masking encouraged to fight COVID-19 spread
  13. "Biden to meet with GOP lawmakers to discuss virus relief ," Microsoft News, 2021-FEB-01, at: Biden to meet with GOP lawmakers
  14. "Essential Workers More Wary of Getting Vaccinated Despite Higher COVID-19 Risk," Morning Consult, 2021-FEB-03 at: Essential Workers More Wary...
  15. Kaisha Langton, "Europe vs UK vaccine row LAID BARE," Daily and Sunday Express, 2021-FEB-03, at: Europe vs UK vaccine row LAID BARE
  16. Peter Loftus, "Johnson & Johnson Asks U.S. Regulators for Emergency Approval of Its Covid-19 Vaccine," Wall Street Journal, 2021-FEB-05 at: Johnson & Johnson Asks U.S. Regulators for Emergency Approval
  17. Mary Beth Griggs, "Vaccine rollout won’t be equitable unless health care reckons with racism," GetReview.co. 2021-FEB-13 at: Vaccine rollout won’t be equitable unless health care reckons with racism
  18. "Israeli data shows Pfizer vaccine nearly 99 percent effective at preventing COVID-19 death 2 weeks after 2nd dose," The Week, 2021-FEB-20, at: https://theweek.com/
  19. Emly Gersema, "USC scientists identify the order of COVID-19’s symptoms," News_USC_edu, 2020-AUG-2020, at: USC scientists identify the order of COVID-19’s symptoms
  20. "Vaccines for COVID-19 ...," Government of Canada, 2021-FEB-26, at: COVID-19 Vaccines: Authorized vaccines - Canada.ca
  21. "Senate passes $1.9 trillion coronavirus relief bill," 2021-MAR-06 at: Stimulus bill: The Washington Post
  22. "Biden promises enough coronavirus vaccine for ‘every adult in America’ by the end of May, 2021-MAR-02, Washington Post, at: Biden promises coronavirus vaccine by May
  23. "CDC Just Warned..." at: CDC outlines what fully vaccinated people can do
  24. "What you need to know before and after getting a COVID-19 vaccine," Click 2 Houston, 2021-MAR-09, at: "What you need to know before and after getting a COVID-19 vaccine"
  25. Hilary Brueck, Shayanne Gal, "What to expect after a COVID-19 vaccine, from how long side effects last to when protection kicks in," Yahoo, 2021-MAR-03, at: What to expect after a COVID-19 vaccine..."
  26. Tony Romm, "Biden signs $1.9 trillion stimulus into law, some to see stimulus payments this weekend," Washington Post, 2011-MAR-11, at: Biden signs $1.9 trillion stimulus into law
  27. Christina Maxouris, "Covid-19 in the US: One Florida mayor says 'too many people' coming for spring break as US health officials urge vigilance," Microsoft News, 2021-MAR-14, at: Covid-19 in the US
  28. "COVID-19 Vaccines and Immunity: How Long Does it Take for the Vaccines to Provide Protection?," Well Cornell Medicine, 2021-FEB-11, at: COVID-19 Vaccines and Immunity
  29. Lev Facher, "... wide-reaching, billion-dollar campaign aimed at convincing every American to get vaccinated," StatNews.com, 2021-MAR-15, at: White House set to unveil sweeping vaccine-confidence campaign
  30. Lev Facher, "The White House is set to unveil a wide-reaching, billion-dollar campaign aimed at convincing every American to get vaccinated," StatNews, 2021-MAR-15, at: White House set to unveil sweeping vaccine-confidence campaign"Republicans are stubbornly hesitant to get a COVID-19 vaccine ..." The Week, 2021-MAR-16, at: Republicans are stubbornly hesitant
  31. Bethania Palma, "Has US Seen Surge in Hate Crimes Against Asian People During COVID?," Snopes.com, 2021-MAR-18, at: Has US Seen Surge in Hate Crimes Against Asian People..."
  32. "Tracking the COVID-19 vaccine: US surpasses 100 million shots" MyNBC5 News, 2021-MAR-20, at: Tracking the COVID-19 vaccine
  33. Ankur Banerjee and Vishwadha Chander, "Real-world data shows Pfizer, Moderna vaccines highly effective after just 1 shot," Global News Canada, 2021-MAR-30, at: https://globalnews.ca/

Copyright © 2020 & 2021 by Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolernace
Latest update: 2021-APR-01

Author: B.A. Robinson

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