Hadavar: Hebrew for "the thing that cannot be described." A term used to refer to Yahweh.
Many Jews consider the use of God's name directly to be forbidden or restricted.
Hades: A Greek term generally translated "Hell" in the King James
Version of the Bible. Beliefs about Hades are divided:
Some Christians believe that Hades is a place where the spirits of
unsaved persons and of believers who died before the ascension of Christ
temporarily reside until the day of judgment. Then, the unsaved will be
thrown into the lake of fire; the believers will attain heaven.
Others believe that Hades and Sheol are Hell where the unsaved are
tortured for all eternity.
Hadith: The recorded sayings and practices of Mohammed. Some were written down during the Prophet's life; most were collected
and written down after his death.
Hajj: A pilgrimage to Mecca and Medina in Saudi Arabia which
every Muslim is expected to perform at least once during their lifetime, if
they are physically and financially able.
Hajji: A Muslim who has performed a Hajj. The term is used as a
pejorative by some U.S. troops in Iraq.
Halacha (a.k.a. Halaka., Halakha): Jewish law custom, practice or
Halal: A set of Islamic dietary laws which regulate the
slaughter of animals and the preparation of food. A growing number of supermarkets display Halal meat along side Jewish Kosher meat. Some animal rights groups oppose the halal slaughter of animals because they feel it subjects them to unnecessary stress and pain.
Hallelujah: A shout or song of praise to God. "Hallel"
means "praise." "Jah" is an abbreviation of "YWVH."It appears in many places throughout the last third of the book of
Psalms.It is occasionally used as a first name, most commonly for
Secular meaning: an annual children's celebration on the
evening of each OCT-31. Children dress up in costumes and go to homes in
their neighborhood to collect candy.
Pagan meaning: Wiccans and other Neopagans celebrate the
major Sabbat of Samhain on this day. It is the end of the Wiccan year,
marking the transition between the warm and the cold season.
Christian meaning: All Hallow's Eve, a Roman Catholic
observance of the night before All Saints' Day.
Satanic meaning: One of three major seasonal days of
celebration -- the other two being Walpurgisnacht (APR-30) and the
Handfasting: A Neopagan wedding. Some religious traditions assign
it a length of a year and a day. It can be registered with the government as
a marriage if the priest/priestess performing the handfasting is registered
to perform weddings.
Haram (a.k.a. haraam): An Islamic term for a forbidden action.
Harg: A stone altar in Norse Heathenism.
HaShem: Hebrew for "the name." A term used to refer to Yahweh.
Many Jews consider the use of God's name directly to be forbidden or restricted.
Health & Wealth Gospel: (a.k.a. Word of Faith movement, Positive
Confession, Name it and Claim it, and Faith-formula). A group of
conservative Protestant para-church ministries and denominations which focus on "anointed"
ministers and the health, wealth, and success of their viewers and donors.
MinistryWatch estimates that their total income is in excess of a half
billion dollars annually. 1
Heathen: Originally people of the heath or moor. Originally, it
was a Christian term to denigrate followers of the old, pre-Christian
Religion. Followers of Asatru and other ancient reconstructed aboriginal
religions have embraced the term.
In the Old Testament, Heaven referred to the region where God lived.
It was above the firmament which was believed to be a solid metal dome
located a few hundred feet above the earth.
In Christianity it is the abode of God, the Father's
House, where selected individuals go after death to be with God. Faith
groups differ in their belief about what criteria are
used to determine who will attain heaven after death -- whether it be good works or correct beliefs or a mixture of the two.
Paradise is the name used to refer to Heaven within Islam.
Hebephile: This is a word whose meaning is changing. In the past,
it referred to an adult who is sexually attracted to post-pubescent persons
under the age of 18. Currently, it is evolving to include older teens as perpetrators. See
Hell: one of two destinations for an
individual after death in the Christian,
Muslim and some other religions. Various groups within
Christianity believe that a person goes there because of their beliefs or
their actions, or some combination of beliefs and actions. Up to the early
part of the 20th century, Hell was generally believed to be a
place of eternal punishment and torment. Lately, more groups describe it as
a simple isolation from God. Liberal religious groups generally treat
biblical passages on Hell as symbolic. See also Universalism. In the King James Version of
the Bible, the Hebrew word sheol and Greek word hades (two
very different concepts) are both generally translated as Hell.
Hellenism: A general term referring to the influence that Greek
Pagan culture had on other societies between the time of Alexander the Great
(333 BCE) to 76 BCE when the Romans rose to power. Judaism was
profoundly influenced by Hellenism after the conquest of Palestine by the
Greeks in the second century BCE.
Henotheism. belief in many deities of which only one is
the supreme deity. This may involve:
One chief God and multiple gods and goddesses of lesser power and
importance. Ancient Greek and Roman religions were of this type.
One supreme God, and multiple gods and goddesses who are all simply
manifestations or aspects of the supreme God.
is one example; they recognize Brahman as the single deity. Some
believe in a single deity about which they know little. They call the
deity "The One" or "The All." They recognize the God and
Goddess as the male and female aspects of that supreme deity.
One supreme God who rules over a country, and many other gods and
goddesses who have similar jurisdiction over other territories. Liberal
theologians believe that the ancient Israelites were henotheists; they
worshipped Jehovah as the supreme God over Israel, but recognized the
existence of Baal and other deities who ruled over other tribes. Over time, monotheistic belief developed and Yahweh was regarded as the only deity.
Heptateuch: From a pair of Greek words for "seven" and "container." It
refers to the first seven books of the Hebrew Scriptures -- the
Pentateuch and the books of Joshua and Judges. Some
theologians believe that these books should be considered as a unit because
they believe that the books were composed from the same literary sources.
Herem esh-Sheif: Arabic for "Noble Sanctuary." The area in
Jerusalem where the Dome of the Rock and the Al-Aqsa Mosque are located.
Most historians believe that the Jewish Temple once stood there.
Heresy: From a Greek word for sub-group or
sect: Beliefs that are forbidden by the
policy-deciding body of a faith group. Heresy is a relative term, because
one group's heresy is frequently another group's required belief or dogma,
and vice-versa. Consider, for example, the different criteria for salvation
as taught by three Christian groups: the Roman
Catholic Church, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons),
and Fundamentalist protestants. One group's required belief may also be the
same group's condemned past heresy (and vice-versa). Heresies are inevitable
in religion because there does not appear to be any simple mechanism by which
religious disagreements can be resolved -- either through reason or by
assessing the will of God. More information.
Heresiologist: An individual who studies heresies.
Heresiology: The study of heresies. The Counter Cult Movement within conservative Protestantism defines all faith groups that deviate from traditional Christian beliefs to be both heretics and cults.
Heretic: a person who believes in one or more heresies.
Hermeneutics: The word was derived from the Pagan Greek myth of
Hermes. A study of methods used to interpreting the Bible.
Hermeticism: A Pagan religion that started in Egypt in the 2nd or
3rd century BCE. Its followers believed that its
beliefs were revealed to their founder Hermes by his divine father. They
taught that a person on earth is a mortal god and that God is an immortal
man. It was one of the main competitors to early Christianity. Some
religious historians trace certain Mormon beliefs to
Herodian: An interval of Jewish history from 30
BCE to 70 CE. Named after Herod the Great who
reigned from 37 to 4 BCE.
Heterodox: Greek for "other opinioned." Beliefs that deviate from
accepted doctrines. Antonym of orthodox. It is important to realize that one
group's orthodoxy is another group's heterodoxy.
Heterosexism: "....An an ideological system that denies,
denigrates, and stigmatizes any non-heterosexual form of behavior, identity,
relationship, or community. Heterosexism is reflected by personal
assumptions that everyone in the world is, or should be, heterosexual."
Heterosexual: A person who is sexually attracted only to members
of the opposite sex. Conservative Christian definition: a person who is
sexually active with members of the opposite sex and not with members of
the same sex."
Hexateuch: A theological term for the first six books of the
Hebrew Scriptures (Old Testament): The Torah
(Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy) and the book of
"A critical look at the 'Word of Faith' ministries," Ministry Watch
Reflections, 2003-OCT, at:
http://www.ministrywatch.com/ This is a PDF file. You may require software
to read it. Software can be obtained free from: