Victims of memories & allegations of sexual & ritual abuse:
Multiple Personality Disorder (MPD) &
Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID):
All sides to the debate
Some material in this section may seem to read like a really bad work of
fantasy-fiction. You might suspect that the author has dissociated from reality. However,
we assure you that sincere, intelligent and caring people really do hold these beliefs.
In the past -- prior to the mid 1990s -- many more did. They learned and taught them at seminars and conferences. Specialists used them during therapy and
exorcisms. One result was many patients/clients who entered therapy with minor
became convinced that their minds have been fractured into many personalities.
Many became emotionally disabled and unable to function as workers,
spouses and parents. A few committed suicide.
Almost all counselors and therapists have now abandoned MPD and DID. As the
effects of therapy wear off, many survivors of MPD are abandoning their
multiplicity. However, victims of this therapy still surface from time to time.
Many newscasters, commentators, etc. use the term "schizophrenia" in error
when referring to a person appearing to have multiple personalities.
"Schizophrenia is a severe mental disorder characterized by delusions,
hallucinations, incoherence and physical agitation. it is classified as a
'thought' disorder" 3 and
often first appears during late teen years or the early 20's.
"Dissociative Identity Disorder [DID] is a psychiatric diagnosis that
describes a condition in which a single person displays multiple distinct
identities or personalities (known as alter egos or alters), each with its own
pattern of perceiving and interacting with the environment." 4 DID was originally called "Multiple
Personality Disorder" -- a term that is still in fairly common use.
This is a wild ride, so fasten your seat belts.
None of us at ReligiousTolerance.org believe that MPD/DID is a naturally
occurring, psychological disorder. However, we have tried to describe accurately
all viewpoints, including the current dominant belief.
This is one of the few locations on the Internet where you can see all belief
systems described together and compared. Essentially all other websites define
one viewpoint only.
MPD/DID topics discussed in this section:
M. Keenan, "The Devil and Dr. Braun," New City
article, 1995-JUN-22: Mentioned in FMS Foundation Newsletter,
- Theodore Dalrymple, "Destructive delusions," Wall Street Journal,
2008-NOV-19. No longer online at the WSJ.
"Schizophrenia," About.com, 2006-OCT-21, at:
"Dissociative Identity Disorder," Wikipedia, on 2009-JUL-11, at:
Copyright © 1998 to 2013 by Ontario
Consultants on Religious Tolerance
Originally written: 1998-JAN-11
Last updated on 2013-JUL-11
Author: B.A. Robinson