Santeria: a syncretistic
African/Roman Catholic religion
Santeria is also known as: Regla de Ocha,
La Regla Lucumi, Lukumi, etc.
Santeria is a syncretistic religion of Caribbean origin.
The worship of the Orisha (literally "head guardian") and
other beliefs of the Ifa religion, as practiced by the Yoruba and Bantu people in Southern Nigeria, Senegal and Guinea Coast,
Elements of worship taken from Roman Catholicism.
Its origin dates back to Cuba and Brazil circa 1515 CE.
During the time of the slave trade, Yoruba natives were forcibly transported
from Africa to the Caribbean. They were typically baptized by the Roman Catholic church
upon arrival, and their native practices were suppressed. They developed a novel way of
keeping their old beliefs alive by equating the each Orisha of their traditional
religions with a corresponding Christian Saint.