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Religious Tolerance logo

About Christmas


Christmas & other sacred days and secular
holidays near the end of each year.
The Christmas wars, a.k.a. "December Dilemma"

What is this?

A Christmas tree? (Christianity)
A tree to celebrate Ashura, a day of fasting for Sunni Muslims a few years ago? 1
A Hanukkah bush? (Judaism)
A Yule tree? (Wiccan)
A Winter Solstice tree (Atheist)
An excessively-decorated Festivus tree (Secular)
A decorated tree to commemorate Kwanzaa (Secular)
or all of the above, plus many more as seen by followers of other religions?

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A welcome:

We welcome those visitors who arrived here after seeking,, or These three URLs are forwarded to this menu within the web site. is a religious web site with a difference. Rather than promoting a particular religion or denomination, we promote religious tolerance, coexistence, cooperation and respect. We have been online for almost 21 years. We have over 7,500 essays and menus covering all aspects of religion.

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Christmas Wars in a nutshell:

The "Retail" comic strip for 2009-DEC-23 expressed the "lose-lose" situation faced by many retailers at this time of year. The captions of the three panel strip read:


Sales person: "Merry Christmas"

Customer 1 (loudly): "I'm not a Christian!"


Sales person: "Happy Holidays"

Customer 2 (loudly)" "Christmas hater!"


Sales person: "Bye"

Customer 3, who is next in line: "Wow. Some people are so cold."


Customer 4: "Mmm"


Copying the theme found in Sesame Street: this section of our web site is brought to you by the letter "S."

That letter is the root cause of the "Christmas Wars" in December of each year: The question is whether the publicity departments of stores and store employees should use the term:

  • "Merry Christmas." This indicates that the only celebration or holy day worthy of observing is the Christian observance of Christmas, or

  • "Happy Holidays." This indicates that there are many celebrations, both secular and religious, at this time of year that are worth observing.

The hot button item that causes so much conflict at this time of year is the letter "s" at the end of "Happy Holidays:" It poses the question: Is there one holiday or are there multiple holidays in December that should be recognized and acknowledged?

A parallel question is whether the U.S. should be viewed as:

The religious makeup of the U.S. is in a state of flux. The percentage of NOTAs and adherents of non-Christian religions is increasing. The percentage of Christians is in a slow downward spiral, largely because teens are leaving the faith in which they were raised and never returning.

Many conservative Christian groups are promoting Christmas-only greetings. A few years ago, some fundamentalist Christian groups gave up attempts at reason and persuasion. They started resorting to economic boycotts to force unwilling stores to meet their goals. However, they seem to have largely abandoned such strong-arm tactics and reverted to merely making list of which retailers are acknowledging diversity -- as in the sign below -- or are adopting a Christmas-only policy. Liberty Counsel has its Friend or Foe Christmas Campaign; The American Family Association (AFA) has its "Naughty or Nice" list.

Happy holidays sign

This is a lose-lose situation for U.S. retailers who, above all, do not wish to make their customers angry. No matter what phrase is used, the store is going to alienate some customers.

The conflict appears to have reached a peak in the middle of the 2000's and is has been fading in recent years. By 2015, it had shrunk in size to mainly consist of a debate about the information on the side of a Starbucks seasonal coffee cup.

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Topics covered in this section are:

bulletOverview of the "Christmas wars"
bulletThe nature of, causes of, and reaction to the "Christmas wars"
bulletA more detailed introduction to the "wars"
bulletWhat do the public and stores feel about the "wars?"
bullet The Christmas office party: an urban legend"
bullet Let's rename Christmas: an article by Alton C. Thompson
bullet The Christmas office party: an urban legend"

star Celebrations during December that sometimes cause conflict with Christmas:

  • Part 1: Religious and secular celebrations.

  • Part 2: Conflicts & changes in terminology. Two individuals' personal comments.

  • Part 3: More detailed information about religious celebrations near Christmas time. Some annual secular observances.

  • Part 4: Festivus: a celebration "for the rest of us"


What is the original "reason for the season"

bullet Brief descriptions of some recent events and conflicts during the Christmas wars:
bulletDuring 2004

bulletDuring 2005
bulletMore conflicts during 2005

bulletHouse Resolution 579 to protect Christmas

bulletDuring 2006

bulletDuring 2007

bulletDuring 2008

bulletDuring 2009
bulletMore 2009 events

bullet During 2010

bullet During 2011:Part 1  Part 2  Part 3  Part 4  Part 5


2012 and later: Part 1  Part 2  Part 3 featuring Starbucks coffee cups and the Candy Cane Controversy

bulletReactions to the conflicts by various groups and individuals
bullet Alternatives to conflict:
bulletThe Peace Tree
bulletCultural displays at Christmas time

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  1. Muslim holy days are based on a lunar calendar. Thus, they are observed about 12 days earlier with each passing year. A dozen or so years ago, when the decorated evergreen tree was added to this menu, Ashura was celebrated in mid-December according to the Gregorian calendar. In 2015, it was observed in June. Circa 2030 it will be in December again.

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Site navigation:

Home > Religious information > Christmas >  here

Home > Christianity > Beliefs, practices, etc > Holy days > Christmas >  here

Home > Religious hatred & conflicts > Specific conflicts >  here

 Home page > Religious tolerance > Cooperation > here

 Home page > Spirituality menu > Religious tolerance > Cooperation > here > here > here > here

Copyright © 2004 to 2019 by Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance
Originally posted: 2004-DEC-04
Latest update and review: 2019-DEC-12
Author: B.A. Robinson

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